A. D. 1712.
January 10. Walked with Mr. A. Fenton and Mr. J. Atldnson to Middleton Hall; was kindly received by Mr. Brandling, but got little information as to the ancient family of the Leghs, though Mr. Francis is yet living, whose grandfather died 117 years ago; in their private chapel I saw some rich copes and vestments, with pictures, &c. with a mass-book, but never a Bible in any language.
28. I had a sad night with the rheumatic pain; but, blessed be God, it was no worse; being told of the sudden death of Justice Wilkinson, of Burrough-bridge, (who married Mr. Cholmley's daughter, my quondam mistress,) who was well, sick and dead in less than two hours, whereas I am spared after many mementos of mortality.
February 3. I read what is written concerning the Sacrament of the Altar, in the Bishop's-book and King's-book, "whereby it appears what slow progress the Reformation had made in that point, even anno 1543.
5. Was at Alderman Milner's about Mr. Plaxton's ] project of a fund for the aged and poor croppers, at 2d. or 4d. per cloth, in imitation of that at Newcastle, of 4d. per keel, which is thought would amount to as large a revenue, which is 46l. or 80l. per annum.
9. The Bible I concluded was an ancient translation in 4to.; this I begun is a Tindal's, in folio, with notes upon each chapter, printed anno 1549 ; yet different character from that I am reading in secret, though printed the same year ; this, I presume, beyond sea.
March 3. Was all day at church, with Mr. Carpenter, setting up a monument for my honoured and dear father.
13. Rode with Mr. Robinson, of Rokeby, to Methley Hall. I was engaged in the noble long gallery, in noting as many of the arms in the windows as was possible for the time, but hasted by him to take a view of the country from the turret, upon the dog-kennel ; such a stately fabric as I believe has not its fellow in England, built for the same purpose.
17. Rode to York ; visited the obliging Serjeant Wynne, and Mr. Cuthbert, Recorder of New castle.
18. With Mr. Neville, cousin Cookson, and others of the Grand Jury, to see a reputed witch, who, though aged, could not repeat the Lord's Prayer; a fit instrument for Satan.
19. To see the remains of Mr. Gyles's glass paintings ; after, to wait of Sir Walter Hawksworth, to peruse his pedigree and some MSS.; walked with him to the Castle; missed part of an excellent sermon cf Mr. Archdeacon Pearson's, at the Minster; was to show the Mayor of Leeds the monuments; after dinner, to wait of the Lady Irwin.
20. At Trinity, to view some antiquities; with Mr. Townley; missed of the Lady Anderton; was to visit Madam Kennet, but saw not my old friend, Mr. Charles Townley, disordered with age and infirmities.
21. Returned in the hackney coach, which prevented the inconveniencies might have attended my walk in much rain ; found my family also in health. Blessed be the God of my mercies !
29. Transcribing manuscripts of Temple New-some, &c. for the Lord Irwin, at his Lordship's request.
April 17. Concluded the Appendix to the Life and Acts of Archbishop Parker, very well performed by my pious and good friend Mr. Strype, from original manuscripts, letters, &c.
23. At cousin Cookson's treat as alderman (the first that was made at the new White-cloth-hall) ; visited Mrs. Thornton, and two sons of my dearest friend ; was concerned to hear of the death of Dr. Watkinson, who has been Chancellor to four Archbishops successively ; he died yesterday, as his wife did the last week, and good old Dr. Ellis, (a considerable benefactor) the beginning of this month, which has been fatal to ancient persons, the youngest of these being above four score.
29. Rode with cousin Wilson towards Pontefract, but left him and that road at the glass-house at Houghton, and rode by Ferrybridge to Brotherton to brother Rayner's.
30. Walked with Mr. Daubuz to Burton, to visit my old friend Mr. Mauleverer, but found him so very weak that I enjoyed little satisfaction in the house where my dear wife was born ; in return called at the vicarage ; viewed two large volumes of parson Daubuz's learned and curious commentary upon the Revelation.
May 1. Read in Mr. Brooksby's learned tract of the Primitive Church, and my indisposition continuing, diverted myself by a walk to Ferry-bridge, to visit Mrs. Wainwright, but got back to the prayers at Brotherton Church, and went not to Pomfret till after dinner, and riding leisurely and alone, took more particular notice of the Roman milliare, or mile-stone, betwixt Pontefract and Ferry-bridge; it is now called St. Miles-, or Miles-stone-chair; perhaps the saintship is only to accompany what is at no great distance (but nigher the town) St, Thomas's-hill, which was so called, not from St. Thomas Becket, as is commonly mistaken, but the noted Thomas Earl of Lancaster, who was beheaded there, who though never canonized by the Pope, was sainted by the common people, who adored his picture, &c. believed his felt cured the head-ache, and his girdle delivered women in travail (see the Compendium Compertorum, taken in Henry VIII.'s time, manuscript.) Was after in the sessions and to visit relations, and the ingenious Mr. Marsden, the surveyor, who showed me a noted stair-case hewn out of the firm rock ; it is sixty-three steps, besides those down into the first apartment, and at the foot of all a good spring of clear water, the adjoining territory (since mostly converted to enclosures) is yet called Fryer-wood ; this was probably the cell of some noted friar or anchorite.
2. Walked to Byram-hall, was very civilly received by Sir William Ramsden, who showed me some good pictures and very curious gardens, and that part were his pheasants breed. Returned through the Park to Houghton, where are made excellent flint glasses, by Methley. A captain, a stranger, was not much out of the way in mistaking the noted dog-kennel (where are the several apartments for those animals, as the infirmary, which some think was fitter for the founder, or other more rational creatures,) this he said very much exceeding one of the kind built by the Duke of Norfolk.
9. Visited by Mr. P., who acquainted me with the death of my good old friend Nicholas Mauleverer, Esq. I lately heard also of the death of another ancient gentleman, and my kind friend Charles Townley, and. we have had three instances in this town of very sudden deaths of younger persons, all mementos for me to provide for that great change. I was after perusing and transcribing part of my will.
11. Concluded the learned and pious Mr. Thomas Calvert's Annotations upon Rabbi Samuel's Demonstration of the true Messias, or Blessed Jew of Morocco, which book first occasioned the worthy translator to be universally called Rabbi Calvert.
14. Having taken leave of my dear wife and children, and besought the divine protection and blessing upon them and me, I began my journey in company of my cousin Alderman Cookson. The Lord preserve us from all evil accidents, and carry us comfortably to the end thereof! His agreeable converse, and the others we met with at Ferrybridge, amongst whom the son of the learned Monsieur Capellus, late Hebrew Professor at Saumur, and now an exile for religion at London, made the journey more pleasing. We got well to Barnby-moor, where we lodged, and where I happily met with my good friend Roger Gale, Esq. likewise upon his journey ; we enjoyed ourselves very agreeably in discourse of certain books and their authors, but I was sorry when I heard afterwards that I missed one of that number as well as of my friends, who it seems lodged the same night at that town, viz. Robert Molesworth, Esq. one of whose sons succeeds him in a public character, and another was happy in remounting the famous Duke of Marl-borough upon his horse, when his own was shot; but this worthy gentleman lodging at another house, I missed of him ; but what I ought to take notice of in this Diary, chiefly designed for my private direction and reproof, is, that all four gentlemen being in one chamber, I was in a manner prevented of private prayer, both evening and morning. The Lord pity and pardon !
15. Through the Divine goodness we had a comfortable day's journey and advanced as far as Stamford ; the noted places we passed through, or had a prospect of, are noted in former journals.
16. We proceeded in our journey, which was comfortable, through mercy, both as to way and weather, as well as company, which I ought the rather gratefully to acknowledge, because the last time I lodged at Stamford we were detained there by the great snow from Wednesday till Monday after ; we now passed Huntingdon and lodged at Bigglesworth.
17. We came by the Earl of Salisbury's noble house at Hatfield; dined at Welling ; were met and civilly treated at Barnet by Mr. Cookson of London, and got well and in good time, blessed be God ! to London, where I lodged at Mr. M. Atkins's, in St. Paul's-church-yard, and had comfortable accommodations.
18. Die Dom. Morning retired ; then called upon by cousin Cookson and his brother, with whom went to St. Paul's Church, where after the cathedral music, &c. (which would have been full as intelligible and agreeable to my private sentiments if reduced to what is so frequently repeated, "As in the beginning," &c.) was concluded, Mr. Cory preached an honest and excellent good sermon, from that of our Saviour's reproof to the Scribes and Pharisees, that even publicans and sinners should enter into heaven rather than they; amongst whose sins he showed that formality, &c. were not the least. After dinner at Mr. Cookson's, we walked to St. Mary Overy's, in Southwark; viewed the monuments (amongst which a curious one for our countryman Gower, the then celebrated poet) before divine service, which was gracefully read by the noted Dr. Sacheverel, whom his greatest enemies must own to be a good like naught,* if he be one; Mr. .... (his brother in judgment as well as complexion) from that of the Apostle's rebuke, showed the necessity of reproof even of superiors in a latitudinarian age. We were afterwards civilly treated at his friend's house, and returned with Mr. C. to Bread-street, whence I walked to visit good old Mr. Stretton, and thence beyond Gray's-inn to deliver a letter, but frustrated in both.
19. Walked to Bloomsbury-square, to visit my Lord Archbishop of York, and after to Ormond-street, to Dean Hicks's; found them both under the like indisposition, the stone, though both I hope on the recovering hand; was kindly received by both, but missed of Dr. Sloane, and after of Dr. Woodward : afternoon, visited cousin Dickenson and Mrs. Emma Smith, about Mr. Hardy's books.
20. Morning, was at morning prayers at six of the clock in St. Paul's ; took a pair of oars to Lambeth, where most courteously entertained by my kind friend, Dr. Gibson; after, went with cousin Cookson to the Temple, to visit cousin Idle, a student there; thence to Westminster Hall and to both Houses of Parliament; wearied ourselves in the Court of Requests and lobby ; visited Mr. Le Neve in the Court of Exchequer, who showed my friends the noted record Domesday-Book; after dinner, at a cookshop, we returned by coach to Gray's Inn, where treated by our Recorder, cousin Walker ; after we parted, I walked to Mr. Collins, (near Temple-bar,) about his History of the Baronets.
21. At prayers at St. Paul's ; then received a kind visit from. Mr. Gale, another learned and ingenious son of my old friend, the excellent Dean of York; then with the printer, or rather composer of the press, an ingenious person, Mr. George James, who prints the votes ; took a walk into Moor-fields ; picked up a few old books; lost much time at the carrier's that lost my company, but took a sculler to Whitehall; walked over St. James's Park, by the Duke of Buckingham's pleasant seat, (sic siti Uetantur Lares,) to Chelsea ; viewed, en passant, the noble college, for lame soldiers, where two legs are almost criminal; thence walked to the good old Bishop of Gloucester's, where met with our common relation, cousin Cookson. His Lordship received me kindly, and entertained me agreeably, as he was pleased to say I did the like to himself, with well-attested narratives of Apparitions.* I after walked to Church Chelsea, to visit my good friend, Mr,. Boulter, and mother, and was after with cousin Cookson to view some rare plants in the physic garden at Chelsea, and returned all of us, late enough, by water. I omitted in yesterday's walks, that we went to Mr. Carpenter's, in Piccadilly, to see the Queen's statue, in marble, in her Parliament robes, with crown, globe, and sceptre, cousin Milner's most noble present to the Corporation of Leeds, but not in that forwardness that I hoped, and himself expects.
22. At the prayers at St. Paul's. At eight, at Mr. Dale's, with whom I walked to the Earl of Oxford's most noble library; viewed several valuable manuscripts, ancient and modern, European and American : met there not only with my old friend, Mr. Wanley, the librarian, but the very eminent Mr. Anstis, and Mr. Kempe; thence walked to Westminster, and by the said Mr. Dale's means, (being a herald, and attending the formality in his habit,) had a convenient stand, where cousin Cook-son and I not only had a full view of her Majesty as she passed into the House of Lords, to give the Royal Assent to several Bills, but had the honour of a particular bow from her Majesty in return to ours, which my modesty could not suppose particularly designed to us, till my cousin Cookson convinced me, by this argument, there were none else present but the heralds and guards that attended, there not being either Lord or private gentleman, save us two, in that station; but in this matter, it is easy to observe the pride of a vain mind, to take so particular notice of a common favour from an earthly monarch, and to take so little care in the interim to press after the favour of the glorious Majesty of Heaven. Having bought each a pair of black silk rolling stockings in Westminster Hall, we returned by water. I afterwards walked to meet my good friend, Dr.. Sloane, the Secretary of the Royal Society, at the Grecian Coffee-house by the Temple, where I also met with Mr. Beaumont, who has wrote of Spirits, Apparitions, and (who has some things very curious relating to formed stones in the Philosophical Transactions,) Mr. Hill, the treasurer. In return, stayed a little with Mr. A. Collins, and concluded the day most agreeably with the prayers and psalm at St. Bride's, in my way home.
23. Morning, unhappily missed the public prayers; took coach with cousin Cookson and brother, to wait of Sir Arthur Kaye. I afterwards went (with letter from the Bishop of Carlisle) to the Honourable Mr. Campbell, nearly related to the Duke of Argyle, who showed rne the noblest collection of Scotch coins in gold, as well as silver, and copper, that ever I beheld, or perhaps is to be seen in England; he showed me also several valuable editions of the Bible and Prayer-Books, Concordances, with the heads of eminent persons, done by the pen or pencil, as well as rare prints. I walked from this gentleman's at the Mews to Whitehall, to Mr. Banks, at Mr. Newman's chambers ; was very agreeably entertained with a relation of the good success of the public charities, domestic and foreign. Mr. Newman presented me with a leaf of the palm-tree, with part of the Gospel impressed on it in the Malabaric character and language, with a reviving account of the success of the Protestant Missionaries in propagating the Christian religion amongst the poor heathens in the East Indies. I afterwards walked to the Old Palace-yard in Westminster, but missed of Mr. Boswell ;* upon my return visited Mr. Gale, who showed me his valuable collections in manuscript, relating to the Cathedral at York, which I hope he will be prevailed with to publish, when a little more perfected for the press. I afterwards met with our countrymen, Mr. Fairfax, our Recorder, cousin C., parson Clapham, and many others; but was neither good husband of money nor time.
24. Was at prayers at St. Paul's ; then walked to Holborn to visit Dr. Richardson and other Yorkshire friends ; dined at good old Mr. Stretton's, had also his son's company, and Mr. Coningham's, of Manchester : afterwards writing letters to Leeds and Oxford. Evening, with Mr. Dale, Mr. Sturt, and Mr. Atkins, till about ten.
25. Die Dom. Morning, read in Sir Richard Cox's (Lord Chief Justice in Ireland, as I have it in an original letter, though his name be not to it) Inquiry into Religion, and the use of Reason in reference to it, the kind present of the publisher, Mr. Collins, by whose favour I had a good place for hearing in his pew, in St. Dunstan's Church, where a stranger, whom I took to be Dr. Mills, Bishop of Waterford, in Ireland, (whom I saw the last Lord's day at St. Paul's,) preached excellently concerning that now so sadly depreciated grace of love and Christian charity, from the parable of him that fell amongst robbers, met with no relief from priest and Levite, (from whom it might most reasonably have been expected,) but from the Samaritan, a fit type therein of our blessed Saviour; but dining with our Yorkshire friends at Mr. Cookson's, had not time to note the heads, nor of that in the afternoon, which Mr. Fairfax preached in Bread-street Church to oblige some of his countrymen, who desired a sermon with teeth, (more Sacheverdiano) which though it bit none present, yet I dreaded might be misinterpreted by others : was after with him and other friends at Mr. C's.
26. Morning, at the cathedral prayers; after, walked with cousin Cookson and Mr. Ord (our fellow traveller) to Crane-court, in Fleet-street, to show them the New Repository, where the curiosities belonging to the Royal Society, (formerly at Gresham College) are advantageously placed, in distinct apartments, with the library, but found the old operator, Mr. Hunt, indisposed, yet kindly showed them to my friends. I observed also some additions, very considerable, since I saw them before : upon our return, Mr. Atkins went along with us to the top of the cathedral of St. Paul's, a most stupendous fabric, whence we had a surprising view of the vast extent of the City, and an agreeable prospect of the neighbouring towns: it is 534 steps from the bottom to the top: we observed the whispering place round the dome within the church, and had a slight view of the library. Afterwards, being disappointed by the printer, I walked to the West-end of the City, and through the Park, to Chelsea: observed some inscriptions in the new burying-place, appropriated to the Royal Hospital, Chelsea ; Mr. Simon Box, who served King Charles .the First and Second, King James the Second, and King William and Queen Mary, was the first who (Anno 1692) was interred therein. Having more particularly observed the statue of King Charles the Second in one of the courts, and the spacious and stately apartments for the poor lame soldiers, in the several courts, I went to dine with the Bishop of Gloucester, as his lordship had most importunely requested ; after dinner I repeated to his lordship, from the original papers, what I had in general told of before, which were so agreeable that his lordship earnestly desired me to publish them in the Appendix, and gave it me under his hand, that he thought it might be of good use to convince the sceptical in an infidel age : his lordship also presented me with Mr. Beaumont's History of Spirits, which his lordship told me had done much good, and particularly had set to rights a friend of his, (Mr. or Dr. Burnet, of the Charterhouse) who had formerly been an unbeliever in that case. His lordship's extraordinary kindness, (which was surprising, and exceeded even expectations) detained me too long, not only with some remarkable narratives of spirits, (of which one is inserted at the end of Mr. Beaumont's said Treatise) but with satisfactory discourses of moderation and piety, his lordship glorying in the character of a low church bishop : in my return, I found cousin White, from Ireland, who courteously received me.
27. Morning, was at Paul's ; wrote in Diary ; was with cousin Cookson about business ; can give no satisfactory account of this day, being too much spent in fruitless inquiries after persons (Mr. Strype, &c.) and things ; only in the afternoon I was happy in the enjoyment of the pious Mr. Mat. Henry, with whom I have had many years' correspondence, but never saw each other till now; he has published many tracts in practical divinity, but his Paraphrase upon the Bible is, I think, the best family book that ever I read, all things considered.
28. Morning, at St. Paul's, then walked to Blooms-bury-square to meet Dr. Richardson, according to appointment, at Dr. Sloane's, who entertained us most agreeably in his incomparable museum., any one branch whereof, whether relating to manuscripts or printed authors, antiquities or natural curiosities, was sufficient to entertain the most curious person for a long time. My Lord Bishop of Carlisle, who is a most competent judge, (having seen many foreign repositories) writ me that those of the great princes beyond sea, are but as rivulets to this ocean. In our return, we waited of my Lord Archbishop of York, and thence took coach with Dr. Richardson and Mr. Pettiver to Mr. London's, to see her Majesty's royal garden, and his collections of plants, and drawings of the exotic plants and flowers in colours, admirably performed. Thence we walked over the Park, to Mr. .... to see his collection of rare birds ; but part of them being removed thence to his other house, we were in a great measure disappointed. Thence they drilled me on to the Physic-garden, at Chelsea, where their lectures on the exotic plants were amusing ; but detained us too long, that though we returned by water, had not time to wash, that I appeared shamefully like a sloven at dinner, at Sir Arthur Kaye's, which I was the more ashamed of, because entertained by the lady in Sir Arthur's absence, who was detained in the House by a strong debate in Parliament, that he could not return till afternoon. After we parted, I went to Mr. Auditor Harley's chambers, at Lincoln's Inn, and thence to Mr. Gowland's, at Clement's Inn, but missed of my friend. In the evening, was sent for by Mr. Le Neve and Dr. Johnston.
29 At St Paul's. After with Mr. Gale at his chambers ; then went with Mr. Dale to St. James's, to have attended her Majesty, but was too late. In return saw a good collection of pictures and manuscripts' at Mr. ....-; then returned by water, and after attended the Royal Society at their new apartments near Temple-bar. Was surprised at so great an appearance of foreigners, till I understood the occasion. The Venetian ambassador, and a Professor in the university of Padua and Bononia, (where also Dr. Richardson was) desiring to be admitted; upon which occasion, besides themselves, (who were now proposed) the Envoy, or Resident, from the great Duke of Florence, and many gentle-ment of both their retinues were present, and had several experiments showed them in Mr. Boyle's, or the Torricellian Engine. Was after with the Secretaries, Dr. Sloane and Mr. Waller, at the Grecian Coffee-house. Evening, to take leave of cousin Cookson.
30. At St.-Paul's, then sent for to cousin Rayner of Great Houghton, to consult about a matter of moment relating to her daughter : the Lord direct! Was after to visit Mr. Stretton, very weak : after, walked with Mr. Richardson to several goldsmiths, in pursuit of Roman coins, and visited Mr. Sharp, my Lord Archbishop's brother; were kindly received. After, walked to Mr. Fairfax's, at Westminster, but missing of him, viewed some new tombs in the Abbey. In return, called at Monsieur Faber's, the famous artist, and though had them much cheaper than I expected, yet disposed of more money in mezzotinto prints than I designed. Was severely wet in my return by Clements Inn ; but, blessed be God ! received no further damage than the disappointment of missing my friend. After, visited by Mr. Mickleton. Evening, with Mr. Dale, and another of the College of Arms.
31. Morning, at St. Paul's ; then visited by Mr. Gale. Afterwards, walked to Westminster, to visit Mr. Bryan Fairfax, to inquire of his mother's family, who \vas descended from Thomas Bullen, Earl of Wiltshire, by Mary his daughter, whose sister, Anne of Bullen, was King Henry VIII.'s second wife, and mother of the renowned Queen Elizabeth. I afterwards visited Mr. Bosville, an ingenious gentleman, and saw a map of his own drawing; and in my return by Mr. Newman's at Whitehall, found 1 the Rev. Dr. Bray, who is so eminently concerned in propagating the Gospel among the Heathen and other pious designs for reformation of manners. In my return by Clements Inn, 1 visited Mr. Gowland, about my Lord WTiarton's Bibles, charity, and pedigree. In reference to the last, I called to see Mr. George Ridpath, and though I received no additions to that, yet was pleased with his ingenious invention of an instrument that, by guiding of one pen, makes four copies of the same sheet. After my return to my lodgings, had the company of the celebrated Mr. Jer. Collier, the noted author of many tracts. Was visited by my niece, Mary Thoresby ; was glad to see her safe arrived, and hear of the welfare of my poor family : blessed be God !
June 1. Die Dom. Morning, read four or five Psalms; then walked to Wesminster, and ferried over to Lambeth church. Observed Mr. Ashmole's, the celebrated author, and other inscriptions, in the parish church there, before the prayers begun. Dr. Gibson preached excellently from that of Solomon (Eccles. xi. 9.) " Rejoice, O young man, in thy youth." A seeming concession the more effectually to introduce the conclusion ; "but yet know that for all these things, God will bring thee into judgment," which he pressed most affectingly; and so likewise did Mr. Jeffery, one of his lecturers, in the afternoon, who preached also very well and practically, without the too fashionable crime of introducing the present debates, (of either high or low) into the pulpit; but not having the opportunity of noting the heads, or writing the Diary, of some days, too much was forgot. The Lord pity ! though I heartily blessed God for so comfortable a Lord's-day. The Doctor spied me presently, and sent to desire my company to dinner; and in the evening, after we had viewed the church and monuments, of which the noted Tradescant's is in the church-yard, he went with me to the Archbishop's palace, and showed me the library, which is very noble, and particularly that which the present Archbishop has placed there, and given to the see. I took a transient view of the registers, deeds, &c. There is a noble collection of valuable authors. I was best pleased with the Exemplar of the Common Prayer Book, strictly collated according to the Act by the Bishops immediately appointed, though I could not but observe that some parts constantly used in the country (but not here) are expunged, particularly the prayer (" God, whose nature and property," &c.) which follows the collect or prayer for all conditions of men. He afterwards took me in his chariot to Clapham Common to breathe" the fresh air, which was very agreeable, as was the converse (which was by this means uninterrupted) with that excellent Archdeacon. Oh, that we had more of his Christian temper ! In our return, passing by the house where Mr. Ashmole once lived, we visited the widow, who showed us the remains of Mr. Tradescant's rarities, amongst which some valuable shells and Indian curiosities.
2. Morning, was at St. Paul's; wrote; then, according to appointment, walked to Westminster-hall to meet our Recorder, cousin Walker, who kindly accompanied me to his Grace the Duke of Leeds, who (though some persons of quality returned under the notion that the Duke was at his country-seat, at Wimbledon,) admitted of us, and entertained us most agreeably, with the relation of many remarkable passages relating to the present state of affairs, as well as what passed some years ago, and particularly, at my request, with that of his wonderful deliverence, when a child, in the Presence Chamber, at the Manor of York, when his elder brother and were buried in the ruins of the very next apartment, which was demolished by the sudden fall of a stack of twelve chimneys, blown down at that moment by a storm. After a promise of sending me his pedigree the next week, when this busy one is over, (wherein the Queen is to lay before the Parliament the matters relating to the Peace,) he dismissed us friendly, with a compliment that it was an honour to himself, not the town of Leeds, that he was dignified with that title, it being the most considerable place (York being appropriated to the I Royal Family) for trade, &c., which determined his J choice of it: in return, delivered sister W.'s letter f to cousin White, of Dublin; after, 'Change, where I still missed of Mr. Hochstetter, I visited Mrs. Mayoress, of Leeds, and other relations lately come to town, and afterwards received a kind visit from the pious Mr. Henry; after, walked to the Grecian Coffee-house, at the Temple, to meet with Dr. Sloane and Mr. Walker, and thence to Moorfields, to visit Mrs. Jackson (formerly of Leeds,) and her posterity; read, &c.
3. Morning, at St. Paul's ; then heard Dr. Calamy, from that of the Prophet, "who tremble at my word," which he applied to, and made the character of the conscientious Protestant Dissenter, to whom he gave good advlce, in many particulars, needless to be in serted, because it is said the sermon Mall be published, and also to those of the public establishment to many of which, he gave a deserving character, &s truly pious; but seemed, in my poor sentiments, to bear too hard upon such of them as have deserted the Nonconformists, as thinking they cannot suffi. ciently show their sincerity, without reflections upon their former ways, which I believe is not the temper of many conscientious persons, that I thought deserved more favourably than to be ranged with such ; but may perhaps see my error, and that a more candid construction maj^ be put upon it, which I shall rejoice to find in the printed sermon. Afternoon, visited Mr. Tong, but straitened in time ; then at the printer's, Mr. George James, to correct a sheet; after walked to London-wall about Widow Gates' son, and in return joined in the prayers at St. Lawrence's church (where I had many a comfortable opportunity of that nature when last in town.)
4. Morning, at St. Paul's ; then walked to St. John's, beyond Smithfield, (where the martyrs were burnt in Queen Mary's reign,) to visit the learned and pious Bishop of Sarum, (Dr. Burnet) who entertained me affectionately and agreeably, but had a melancholy prospect of public affairs: the Lord direct therein ! Walked thence to Dr. Newton's, at Clerkenwell, to whose Herbal I subscribed so many years ago, that his treacherous memory has forgot the receipt of the money I paid him at Leeds, and have his own receipt for, which makes me now more apt to credit some knavish stories I was loath to believe • spent, in return, too much time and money amongst pamphlets, in Little Britain: can give no satisfactory account of the latter part of the day. Evening, to visit cousin Rhodes, &c.
5. Morning, was at the public prayers as usual, at St. Paul's, then walked with Mr. Gale to the Tower, to show him the Records, which Mr. George Holmes courteously did, at my request. I particularly took notice of the original letters of many foreign kings, upon parchment, and some of later date, as one from King Henry, (Darnley,) and Mary Queen of Scots, to their father. We then went to the Custom-house, a place of vast business, (wherein he is concerned,) and after returned to the Tower, to see the Records in the White Tower, under Mr. Dale's custody, whom we treated at the tavern. I after walked to the Royal Society, where I met with some very agreeable company, besides the President (Sir Isaac Newton) and both the Secretaries, viz., the noted Dr. Edmund Halley and Mr. Keil, both Professors at Oxford, Mr. Derham, &c., with whom afterward, at the Grecian Coffee-house : after my return, took a walk into the fields, with Mr. Gale and Lawyer West: and in our way home called at Mr. Britton's, the noted small-coalman, where we heard a noble concert of music, vocal and instrumental, the best in town, which for many years past he has had weekly for his own entertainment, and of the gentry, &c., gratis, to which most foreigners and many persons of distinction, for the fancy of it, occasionally re-sort. Read a little, &c.
6. Morning, at Paul's; then walked with Mr. Gale and Mr. Dale to the Earl of Oxford's most noble library; saw some very ancient charters, seals, manuscripts, (particularly a most noble one of the grants of the Kings of England, to whom it has formerly belonged, to Westminster Abbey, the originals with seals, adorned with jewels, bound in velvet.) We afterwards walked to Westminster; and by my Lord Archbishop of York's means, got placed so conveniently, that we saw the Queen upon the throne, and many of the Lords Spiritual and Temporal, in their Parliamentary robes, and came very early to the notice of her Majesty's speech concerning the Peace, which occasioned fires, illuminations, &c. in the City, as we found in our return from Mr. Wanley's, where we also met with the noted Dr. Stubbs and Mr. Kempe; but Mr. Wanley's kindness detained us too late, that read little, &c.
7. Morning at church, as usual; then writing in Diary, and visited by Mr. Colh'ns, till near noon; then, twice or thrice at the printer's, (whose neglect is intolerable) yet all in vain; at the Exchange ; then wrote letters, per post, till three, when walked to Mr. Kempe's, to see his invaluable collections: upon two entire mummies he has placed as many sphinxes, (lately procured,) of copper, large, antique, and curious. He has also added a considerable number of the busts of famous heroes, and statues of the Deities, in stone, marble, or metal to his former stock, and some inscriptions, Greek and Roman. I took particular notice of some of the Roman funeral monuments, wrought hollow, to receive the bones, with covers, curiously wrought as the monuments themselves. I could not but wonder at the immodest statue of Baal-Peor, and that any of the Jews should so far degenerate as to adore it. Upon some Roman lamps, found when the foundations of the present fabric of St. Paul's were laid, I observed the stag: he had also glass lachrymatories, the very bones and tusks of sacrificed beasts, found there. We looked over an immense treasure of coins, as a set of their Deities, heads of famous men, Consular and Imperial, with the Empress, an historical series of reverses, &c.; and these in silver, in the small middle and large brass and copper. He showed us also some of silver medallions, and a collection of Punick, Jewish, and Mahometan coins; and concluded with the statues, &c. busts of the Egyptian and Roman Deities, lamps, sacrificing vessels, in copper, and An-tinous, the Emperor's minion. Returned by water with Mr. Gale; read, &c.
8. Die Dorn. Morning, read, &c.; then, walked to Hackney, where heard two excellent sermons; forenoon, Mr. M. Henry read and explained Genesis ui. whence he showed the many evils, corporal and spiritual, relating to this world, and that to come, which came in by the fall, and raised many useful and practical observations, and recited some of the Jewish notions; as, that Adam's head ached as soon as ever he had eaten the forbidden fruit, whereas he had neither that nor any other distemper before he sinned. After an excellent prayer, (and therein for all sincere Christians, of what denomination soever,) he preached very well from Isaiah i. 18, " Come, let us reason together, saith the Lord," justly admiring the condescending goodness of God to lapsed man, in being willing to argue the case with him, in order to his recovery; whereas he might [have] spoke in fury, and spurned him into everlasting burnings. I afterwards dined with him, at his friend's house, (Mr. Hammond, the minister's son,) where very courteously received. Afternoon, Mr. Strype preached very well concerning the descent of the Holy Spirit; but not having opportunity of noting the heads either of this or forenoon sermon, received not that advantage in the Review that I might have done, though not unaffected in hearing, blessed be God. Mr. Newcome, the worthy Vicar, invited me to his house, and showed me a register of the parish, that he lately recovered, wherein are very many observ-ables; as, their having a select vestry about 100 years ago, by authority from the Bishop, of which Henry Thoresby, Esq. always subscribes first. I was pleased to see his autograph, and spelling his name as we do now, though the clerks who wrote the instruments frequently write it Thursby; he showed me also a letter of Bishop David Dalbin, a benefactor, who lieth buried next my said kinsman, that the Earl of Oxford, who died 1604 was buried there. Having taken leave of him and Mr. Strype, I returned by Shoreditch, visited Mr. Bird and wife, (Deborah Newsome's daughter,) as I had promised her mother, at Leeds; read Sir Richard Cox, of Religion, &c.
9. Morning, at church, &c.; then walked to the Temple; was till three assisting Mr. Collins in his History of the Baronets, from my manuscripts : then walked to Westminster, to visit Dr. Calamy, who was very respectful, notwithstanding former silence, which I was ready to impute to disrespect. After return, I walked to Fenchurch-street, to visit Mr. Preston, and his father-in-law, Sir Benjamin Ailoffe. Evening, read, &c.
10. Morning, was at church . . . went to take leave of cousin Rayner, and her son Rhodes : then walked to Westminster, to both Houses of Parliament, but in a great measure disappointed by the ferment the lower House was in, upon account of a passage in the preface to the second edition of the Bishop of St. Asaph's* Four Sermons, which they ordered to be burnt.
11. Morning, rose before five; was at church; then collating pedigree of Thoresby, with what I transcribed from a manuscript visitation in the Earl of Oxford's noble library: then walked to Temple-bar, received a curious manuscript, Baronagium Geealogicum, from the author, Mr. Segar, (great-grandson to Sir William Segar, Garter King-at-Arms,) to collate the Earl of Cardigan's, &c. till noon; when walked again to the Parliament House, but yet missed of Sir William Hardress, but at the House of Lords met with the Bishop of Ely, who would have me in the coach with him to dine at Ely House ; was comforted with the truly Christian spirit his Lordship expressed himself to be of: met there with worthy Mr. Stonestreet, and other learned company, particularly Dr. Keuster, who published at Cambridge, (though himself a German) Sui-das, in three volumes folio ; he has also given an accurate edition of Aristophanes : we were both surprised with the Bishop's yet growing library, eight chambers (as I remember,) that almost surround the quadrangle, and which is most valuable, many of them most noble manuscripts, and the rarest editions of printed authors, with emendations and additions under the authors' own hands, &c. . , . could not get away without promise of frequent visits. Evening, with Mr. Tomlinson, (the Doctor's brother) so like his brother of York, in person, speech, mien, as scarce to be distinguished by the nearest relations. Read, &c.
12. Morning, at church . . then finishing the pedigree of the Earl of Cardigan, and went with Mr. M. Atkins to Mr. Boyer,* the printer's; and thence, to a Master in Chancery, to depose what came to my knowledge relating to the designed benefactions and other concerns of Widow Bland and daughter, in an unworthy suit commenced by L. H. against cousin Simpson (which cost me also too much time yesterday); in return visited my good old friend Mr. Stretton, now very weak: the Lord prepare him for that great change, which seemeth to be at hand! After a little rest walked again to Westminster to the Court of Requests and both Houses of Parliament; afterwards dined (by special invitation) with the noble Earl of Pembroke, who also showed me some of the valuable Greek medals in silver, and a most curious collection of very rare gold medals, some unics [uniques] of the Black Prince. In return visited cousin White, and attended the Royal Society, where I found Dr. Douglas dissecting a dolphin, lately caught in the Thames, where were present the President, Sir Isaac Newton, both the Secretaries, the two Professors from Oxford, Dr. Halley and Keil, with others whose company we after enjoyed at the Grecian Coffee-house; was afterwards with Mr. Gale observing some basso-relievos at St. Paul's Church, particularly the six relating to the history of that Apostle, and afterwards walked to the Charterhouse, the noble benefaction of Mr. Sutton ; was sorry to hear something less agreeable as to the management of the revenues; diverted ourselves in the shady walks in the wilderness there; remembered with satisfaction one of our family, (Henry Thoresby, Esq. father to the Lady Hardress) who was so intimate with the founder that he appointed him one of the first trustees ; but it is now got wholly into the hands of the nobility, some of whom, it is said, instead of decayed gentlemen, put in their superannuated coachmen. Was after with Mr. Gale and Mr. Oddy, a learned gentleman at the Coffeehouse.
13. Morning, at church; writ in Diary and letter to Sir William Hardress, &c. Went to take a view of Dr. Johnston's curiosities for Dr. Sloane, but found few that are not before in that treasury. In return visited good Mr. Long, and after much time lost upon the Exchange, visited Mr. Pease and family, and then Mrs. Watkinson, also late of Leeds, and Mrs. Whelpdale; then again fretting at the printer's slowness. Afterwards visited Mr. Le Neve, Norroy, who showed me a noble collection of manuscripts, lately purchased at 751. besides what he gave for a cabinet of ancient deeds with curious seals of princes and private persons., the originals of those printed by Sir Edward Byshe in his notes upon Upton ; one of them had capital letters woven in the ribbon that passed through the seal. I perused with great satisfaction some of the manuscripts, and borrowed two ; was afterwards with Mr. Segar, and bought his Ho-nores Anglicani. Evening, sent for by Dr. Halley, Savilian Professor, but was after troubled at an ingenious and learned gentleman, Mr. Ob. Od. whom I had formerly observed very zealous in opposing even the best attested narratives of apparitions, witch-aft &c. who now confessed he believed there was no Devil: the Lord enlighten him !
14.Morning at church; then collating pedigree of Boyle with the manuscript Baronagium Genealo. gicum After at the printer's in vain ; all day with-in perusing another manuscript of pedigrees kindly lent me by the King-at-Arms, Mr. Le Neve, save that I went again to the printer's with better success, that I had a sheet most correctly printed (save one Saxon word); received a visit from the Honourable Archibald Campbell, about the Scotch coins to peruse the catalogue of them. Evening walked to inquire after good old Mr. Stretton, who continues weak. Read Mr. Beaumont of Genii.
15. Die Dom. Morning, read pretty much in Sir Richard Cox's Inquiry into Religion; then walked about four miles, to Kensington, but most pleasant way, and at that time pretty solitary, that I had opportunity of contemplation, and was not altogether unaffected in singing part of the 139th Psalm. Dr. Inet of Lincoln preached excellently; so like him, that J took [him] for the Bishop of Waterford, of which before, that I was ready to think him the same. Afternoon cousin Hough preached excellently from that in Job, " What profit if we pray unto him," showing that it is our happiness and interest even in this world, and especially in reference to a future state, that God rules the world and that we have liberty to pray unto him ; how miserable would it be if things came to pass by mere chance, by the government of demons, or mere men (the three ways commonly alleged.) Both before and afternoon were several excellent practical inferences, but company, good in itself, proves ill at times. I dined with and was much concerned for dear cousin Hough, a learned, ingenious, and very pious man, but so overrun with the hyps, that he told me he thought he should not live till night, else he would go with me to my Lord Chief Justice's, who, with the Bishop of Ossory, were at church both ends of the day. The Lord speak the word and heal thy servant, that he may be farther useful in his generation ! In my return I saw a number of the Palatines, the most poor ragged creatures that I ever saw, and great objects of charity if real exiles for religion ; could not but observe that all the way, quite through Hyde Park f to the Queen's palace at Kensington, has lanterns for illuminating the road in the dark nights, for the coaches. In my return I took more particular notice of a noble walk in St. James's Park, where in 880 paces are numbered and painted on each side, with seats at each end, filled with a numberless number of persons walking for diversion, but little like the Lord's-day observable.
16. Perusing Mr. Le Neve's manuscript, and afterwards collating some pedigrees with Mr. Collins for his History of Baronets, till past noon; after my milk diet, walked to Essex-street, to wait on my Lord Chief Justice Parker, who was extremely obliging ; was after, again at the printer's, in Paternoster-row, and Whitefriars, and discoursing Mr. Atkins very earnestly about the unreasonableness of their slow procedure. Evening within, read.
17. Morning, at church; wrote till visited by good Mr. Strype; after, walked again in vain to the Parliament House, Sir William Hardress being, I fear, returned into the country ; in return visited Dean Hick?, and Madam Ashton ; was after with Mr. J. Conder, the minister, and some Nonconformists, who seemed I thought too severe in their censures of public affairs, and particularly the Lord Treasurer, whom I cannot but honour for his encouragement to learning, and invaluable collection of manuscripts. Evening, with Mr. Dale, and Mr. Gale.
18. Morning, retired at five ; at church at six; at printer's at seven: so afterwards, and at the other printer's in Whitefriars; then wrote, but being heavy, spent most of the afternoon in Moorfields, walking, and picking up a few old books. Evening, with Mr. Anderson, an ingenious Scotch gentleman, who is upon a learned tract, and taking leave of Mr. Oliphant for Cambridge: read a little, &c.
19. Morning, at church ; then correcting the revise sheets ; then walked to Mr. Vertue's about picture, and in return, visited the excellent Mr. Nelson, who presented me with his Feasts and Fasts, translated into Welsh; was again at Boyer's, the printer. After dinner wrote a little, then at the meeting of the Royal Society, into which, my Lord Chief Justice Parker, the Lord Treasurer's son, and son- in-law, (the Lords Harley and Viscount Duplin,) are lately admitted : a letter from Mr. Lewenhock was read, and Dr. Douglas's proposal for a more particu-lar anatomy of the several animals ; and he showed curious drafts of the dolphin and others he had been concerned in himself; and showed some vipers, snakes, &c. he had dissected, and some living ones very beautiful ; and in the conclusion, a gentleman showed an improvement in music, making the harp-sicals go with the foot, and opened the instrument to show the President, Sir Isaac Newton, the contrivance : in return, called at Mr. Collins's, and Mr. Boyer's the printer.
20. Morning, at church ; wrote in Diary, corrected a revise sheet ; wrote the Duke of Leeds' pedigree: walked (with it) to cousin Walker's, at Westminster Hall ; stayed there much of the day, yet to little purpose, his Grace being gone to Wimbledon ; was again at the printer's in Whitefriars, and at the engraver's, Mr. Sturt's, in Aldersgate-street, that was fatigued, yet nothing is done without : found disappointments in both places, for want of paper, orders, &c. Evening within, read Mr. Beaumont on Genii.
21. Morning, at church. Forenoon within, writing letters to two Bishops, as many Baronets, with others to Ireland ; then walked to the Parliament House, and afterwards to Chelsea, to Mr. Boulter's, who had been yesterday to inquire after me, but missed of him, yet had agreeable converse with the good old lady : in return, called upon Mr. Collins, &c. Evening, read.
22. Die Dom. Morning, read Sir Richard Cox's Inquiry into Religion, and the use of reason in reference to it, evidently designed against Transubstan-tiation, &c. ; then walked to Westminster : Dr. Cala-my, after he had read two chapters, prayed very well, and concluded with the Lord's prayer. He preached very well concerning the pillar of fire and cloud that directed the Israelites through the Wilderness to the Land of Promise, and what use we ought to make thereof; though they had this ocular demonstration of the Divine favour, yet he punished them severely for their sins ; and so must we expect, notwithstanding the purity of our religion, if we continue to provoke him by our many and great sins, but yet there is hope in the blessed Jesus. Afterwards went with Madam Boulter, in her coach . . . and at Chelsea met with my old friend Mr. Boulter, but was deluded unexpectedly, and so missed church in the afternoon, that I enjoyed not myself, though otherwise in very agreeable company ; but I had denied to dine at the College of Arms, because I foresaw that they would urge me to it, but I expected other matters here ; it afterwards proved rainy, but Mr. Boulter ordered his coach to bring us to London. I visited m my return, cousin Fenton's daughter, married to Mr. Brown, a sensible man, whom I was glad to meet with. Evening, read Sir Richard Cox, &c.
23. Morning, at church, &c. ; then drawing the pedigree of the Careys, Lords of Hunslet, from Sir William Segar's manuscript, and writing till afternoon, when walked to the British Coffee-house at Charing-cross, but missed of my friend, that lost too much time.
24. Finished the perusal of Mr. Beaumont's Treatise of Genii, or spirits, presented to me, and recommended by the pious Bishop of Gloucester, from whom I had also an account of that very remarkable apparition mentioned in the postscript. His Lordship says this curious treatise has done much good in this sceptical age. Was both at the printer's and at the engraver's ; found renewed disappointments. Read and writ, evening.
25. So this morning was at church ; writ; was encouraged at Mr. Boyer's press, which kept me employed the former part of the day. After, at Mr. James's in vain, and at Mr. Sturt's. Evening, writ and read.
26. Morning, at church ; then at both the printers', and placing the Greek coins till afternoon. At the meeting of the Royal Society, where was the Lord Foley ; but was concerned at a rumour of the death of the Lord Somers, another F.R.S. and subscriber to my book. I borrowed one out of the library. Dr. Hudson's proposal for his noble edition of Jose-phus, Greek and Latin, with his letter to the Society were read. Some bones, lately found thirty feet under ground, as digging a well by her Majesty's house at Greenwich, were showed, and concluded neither human nor quadrupeds, but supposed of some vast fish. Some magnetic experiments were performed by Mr. Hawksbee. I was after with the Secretary at the Grecian Coffee-house. Evening, within, read.
27. Was at church ; then correcting the press for both printers. Was much upon the hurry thereby, and being twice almost as far as Charing-cross, and as often at Gray's Inn about business ; and at Or-mond-street with Dean Hicks, and thence, with Mr. Vertue, an ingenious artist, viewing his workmanship. Then again at the printer's in Whitefriars ; and lastly with some of our countrymen at tavern (upon their summons, yet cost money). After, read a little, &c.
28. Morning, was at church ; then preparing for the press. Was at Mr. James's, the printer; then at the request of cousin Cookson, (the Alderman) went with the Recorder and Mr. John Cookson to Barnet, to meet the Mayor of Leeds (cousin Atkin-son) ; see the copy of the address to her Majesty, which we subscribed, being handsomely drawn up and all party matters avoided, so that high and low subscribed it at Leeds, as well as here : but this occasioned the expense of too much time and money, my share of coach-hire and expenses amounting to above 14. Evening, read a little, &c.
29. Die Dom. Morning, read Sir Richard Cox's excellent Inquiry into Religion, and the use of Reason, &c. Dined at the Heralds' Office, at Mr.Dale's, who, with his family, are all that were, or generally are at church of the whole college, who are generally too remiss in that necessary duty, being either in the country or bed—the Lord pity! The Lecturer preached well in the afternoon; but I was too heavy, though I was afraid of being so, that I could not so much as taste any liquor but the small beer. I afterwards walked to Gray's Inn, to know the result of the Duke of Leeds about the Leeds address, by the Recorder, who confessed they seem startled about Dunkirk's not being delivered : the Lord direct the public concerns of the nation ! Stayed full long with the Mayor, Mr. Fawkes, and Recorder. After, read Cox, &c.
30. Morning, was at church ; then correcting the press. Was at both the places, though considerably distant, and at the engraver's, Mr. Sturt's. Then to take leave of cousin Rodes: was intercepted by some old books in Moorfields. Was sent for by Mr. C—-n to Aldgate, but stayed little. After return, drawing the pedigree of the several branches of the Careys, of which one was Lord of Hunslet, Evening, walked to Mr. Stretton's, who seems upon the borders of eternity. Lord, grant him an easy and comfortable passage in due time
July 1. Was, afternoon, with Mr. Vertue, sitting for the picture to be engraven. Was to visit Mr. Mickleton, of Furnival's Inn, who showed me many volumes of valuable manuscripts, collected by his grandfather, relating to the bishopric of Durham. In return, called to see parson Plaxton's mother, aged eighty-eight, yet cant to admiration. I saw her thread a very small needle, and read without spectacles. Evening, read, &c.
2. Morning, was at church; then, at both the printers', correcting the revise sheets till noon; after dinner, at Mr. Atkinson's; received a message from the Mayor, whom I attended to the Duke of Leeds, who introduced us into her Majesty's presence, at Kensington, where the Mayor delivered the Leeds address; after which, his Grace told the Queen he could assure her Majesty it came from a populous and loyal Corporation, that was both willing and able to assist her Majesty, if there was occasion, which he hoped there never would be. The Queen received it very kindly, looked very pleasantly, cast her eye (as was observed) upon every person, and curtsied. We left the Duke there, but returned in the High Sheriff's coach to Sir Arthur Kaye's, who, with Sir Bryan Stapleton, accompanied us; from Sir Arthur's we went to the tavern to drink her Majesty's health, and stayed full late, that read little.
3. Morning at church ; corrected the press, wrote letters to Oxford and Berwick, and preparing list of Roman coins; till past three at the meeting of the Society, where Dr. Douglas showed a viper he had dissected, with young ones, distinctly to be seen in several apartments of the uterus; and a large one he had put in spirits of wine, the heart of which beat sensibly now, after twelve hours, when he took it out. Mr. Hawksbee made some experiments. I was afterwards to wait of Judge Bury and Judge Dormer, who both received me most kindly; and then walked to Mr. Vertue's, with the picture, and in return, called at good old Mr. Stretton's, who died about four this morning, full of days and good works. Upon my return to my lodgings, I found a kinsman of Sir William Hardress, of Hardress Court, near Canterbury, with an invitation thither, where the Gates of Bullen (that a predecessor brought thence at the memorable siege in Henry the Eighth's time) now lead into the Court. He gave me an agreeable account of the family, frcm the Lady Hardress, who was Mr. Henry Thoresby's daughter; (this gentleman's grandmother by Sir Thomas, the youngest of her four sons ;) he owns she was a 30,000£ fortune to their family, and lived to be eighty-eight or ninety years of age: the relict of Thoresby Hardress is yet living, and about the same age. I accompanied him part of the way to his lodging; read a little, &c.
4. Morning, at church; then at both the printers' ; then sent for by the Mayor of Leeds and Mr. C. about printing the Address ; and after, went with him to Westminster, to see the tombs of the kings, queens, and nobles; observed some new ones for the nobility, but none (so much as wax-work representations) for King William and Queen Mary; after, at both printers', &c. ; evening, read, &c.
5. Morning, rose by five, that I might redeem some time, in order to preparation for the Sacra-ment; was somewhat affected in prayer; at six, at church ; then, at the printers'; after, walked with Mr. Atkins three miles, to another engraver, Mr. Edwards, of Marybone; in return, visited the excellent Mr. Nelson; rest of day writing letters to Sir P. S. to B. Fx. and T. S. Esquires, in answer to theirs, and preparing for the press ; evening, to speak to the Bishop of Ely, about the Sacrament at his chapel, which he very courteously invited me to, which I rejoiced at, making a short visit for that very purpose.
6. I went to have heard Dr. Hoadly preach ; but being prevented, I heard good Mr. Tong: I was much affected with his prayer; that part particularly, wherein he prayed that we might be enabled to perform the renewed vows and obligations we had laid ourselves under at his holy table this day: his subject also, that he preached upon, " Who gave himself for us," was very suitable, especially the conclusion, to consider who it was that thus gave himself, what he did therein, and for whom, such sinful wretches; that I thought it a happy opportunity, and was much moved ; the Lord grant the impression may be durable! Evening, walked to Broad-street church, where Mr. Dunstan made an excellent Reformation sermon, very justly reproving such as cast a blemish upon the blessed religion by their wicked lives; it is not crying, " the Temple of the Lord," the Church of England, that will avail, without a pious conversation : of all creatures in the world, a wicked man is the worst; of all wicked men, a profane Christian ; and of those, a debauched Protestant ; and of those, a lewd professor is the worst; lamenting that it is too justly objected against the Church, that their read prayers, dry devotions, occasion loose and scandalous lives : and it is no good way to recriminate; it must be owned, that the Dissenters are not often guilty of such gross immoralities as some amongst us: but that is not the fault of the Church, for such have really no religion, but strike in with what is uppermost, and Christians only because baptized and brought up in it at first: and it would be better, in some respects, if they would renounce the Christian religion they so much scandalize by their wickedness. But let such consider the dreadful aggravation of their sins : they cannot sin at so cheap a rate as Turks and heathens; it will be more tolerable for Sodom and Gomorrah at the great judgment, than for such. I was refreshed to see so numerous and attentive an auditory; but again dejected to see so great numbers walking by the Exchange, and talking upon their secular affairs; the Lord reform this also in thy due time! Afterwards, reading again in the Paschal Lamb, &c.
7. Morning, was at church ; was at all the three presses, correcting or hastening them, and directing the engravers, which took up the former part of the day; after, writing till three, designed to attend the corpse of my good old friend, Mr. Stretton, to his grave in the burying-place, but was prevented. Evening, with Mr. Gale : read, &c.
8. Morning, was at church ; then twice at the printer's, near the Temple ; to visit Mrs. Thornton and family, and at Mr. David Exeter's; and in return, the Saxon nymph, at her brother's, Mr. El-stob's. She showed me a large volume of Saxon Homilies, borrowed from the public library at Cambridge, being an ancient and noble manuscript upon parchment, which she is now transcribing in a curious character for the press, with her translation from the Latin and Saxon. She showed me also a delicate copy of the Textus Roffensis, wrote by a poor boy she keeps, most of it before he was quite ten years of age ; his name is ——— Smith. I saw the boy, who has imitated the Saxon, and other antique hands, to a wonder; what Latin and Saxon he has was from her reading him the grammar.
9. Morning, rose by five; wrote in Diary; was at church, but afterwards writing for the press till almost blind; scarce moved from my seat till near three, then walked to both the printers'. Evening, with Mr. Dale; treated by Mr. Collins.
10. Morning, rose at half-past four ; wrote till six ; at church; then again writing till about three, when was at both the printers', and at the meeting of the Royal Society, where, besides the usual company, were present the Hon. Mr. Roberts and the Bishop of Clogher in Ireland, (Dr. St. George Ash, several of whose curious letters are inserted in the Philosophical Transactions,) who readily gave me his motto in my travelling album, his Lordship having of many learned foreigners in his own. Dr. Douglas showed the gradual process in the formation of the tadpole, or bultread, to a frog; the placenta of a calf, the veins filled with red wax, and the arteries with green, delicately performed by ...... looked very pleasantly; but I hasted to write news into the country, of Dunkirk's being actually delivered to the English, for which there were such illuminations in the evening as I had never seen before. I was with the Bishop of Worcester's chaplain, a curious author.
11. Morning, rose a little after four; then wrote till six; at prayers ; then again preparing for the press, and correcting that at Mr. Boyer's till eleven, when my kind friend, Mr. Boulter, brought his chariot from Chelsea, purposely to carry me to see Hampton Court : having passed through the city, we passed the Gravel-pits, and had a clear air, (whither the consumptive are sent by the physicians,) and delicate pleasant country, to Acton and Brentford; the Duke of Somerset's seat at Sion House looked most charmingly, and was the first time I had observed the lime-trees in the avenues cut in a pyramidal form, even to a great distance from the palace, which looked very noble ; thence through Thistleworth and Twitnam, a very pleasant road; by the highway side is a monument, erected for the memorable Mrs. Whitrow, who was permitted to be there interred, (vide the inscription) ; thence through the park to Hampton Court, a noble palace indeed, fit for the reception of 7he greatest monarch, especially the new apartments, lately added by King William, who delighted much in the situation, being in a low champaign country, near the river, so that the gardens, &c. are most charming ; nothing can be devised more agreeable; in some parts, that front the new palace, open and spacious, adorned with noble statues of brass (amongst which, the famous Gladiator from St. James's Park,) and marble, particularly two noble vessels; upon which, ancient histories in bas-relief, supported by satyrs, set opposite to each other, being the proofs of two great artists' emulation for glory. Other parts to the north, are full of trees, made into labyrinths, very pleasant and amazing, not easily to be extricated. The park adjoining (replenished with deer, as the river with swans,) is separated from the spacious gardens, by curious iron balustrades, painted and gilt, (in parts,) to a vast distance ; the canals seemed to fall short at present of the grandeur of the rest, there not being due care taken to keep the waters from stagnating. Having satiated ourselves with the noble prospects without, we entered within the Royal palace ; the staircase is admirably painted, and the several apartments answerably furnished with the noblest and richest hangings. I was the best pleased with those that were the needlework of the late most pious ard exemplary Queen Mary and her maids of honour; there were also pictures of monarchs and grandees, done by the greatest masters ; but the celebrated cartoons, done by the famous Michael Angelo, [Raffaelle,] and Caesar's Triumph, exceed the rest, though that of King William on horseback, by Sir Godfrey Kneller, is a master-piece. Amidst all these, I could not but remember the most noted Hampton Court Conference betwixt the Bishops and some of the most learned of the Nonconformists, before King James the First and his nobles, now all entered upon a boundless eternity, where many of the contending parties enjoy a.perfect harmony in that blessed state, where fruitless contentions shall have no place, but universal charity shall ever flourish. After we had refreshed ourselves at the inn, we returned another road on the south side the river, through a very pleasant country, to Richmond, where we lodged. We left the coach at Ham, and walked to see the late Duke of Lauder-dale's seat there, now the Earl of Dysart's, a very noble palace, though, to be free, the spacious court before the more ancient front of the hall pleased me best, having a vast number of the bustos and the Roman Emperors, &c. in marble, each in his distinct niche in the wall, which were so surrounded with philerays, that no part of the walls appeared, there being nothing but delicate green, with white niches for the heads of the monarchs ; amongst which also, that of King Charles the First. We walked through delicate meadows near the river, and trees artfully planted in the quincunx order, making agreeable views and walks different ways: we met the Duke of Argyle, with the Lady Dysart, and other nobles of both sexes, in the shady groves; we walked thence to Petersham, where the Queen's uncle, the late Earl of Rochester, had a noble seat, and would have been more so, if he could have continued the views and avenues of trees, &c. to the river Thames ; he proffered the Earl of Dysart fifty years' purchase for some grounds, which would not be accepted, because of some unhappy animosities between the Countesses ; thence we walked up the hill to Richmond, whence there is a most noble prospect of the noblemen's houses, gardens, meadows, woods, the river Thames, and a pleasant country, replenished with pretty villages. We viewed the Wells at Richmond, in pleasant gardens, with terrace walks, all that nature and art can afford.
12. I rose about five ; then walked to take a more particular view of the place, and especially what I had not light for over night, to take the inscriptions upon Bishop Duppa's noble hospital, and Mr. Michel's Alms-houses, of which, see elsewhere, till Mr Boulter got up; then we passed the river to take a distant prospect of his favourite place, Richmond, which does indeed look most charmingly ; the rising ascent, being naturally formed into pleasing terrace walks, and a surprising and agreeable mixture of land and water, houses, meadows, woods, gardens, &c.; we went particularly to view the late Earl of Cardigan's pleasant seat, which King William afterwards bought, and the Earl of Albemarle, to whom he bequeathed it, sold it to Mr. Vernon, a merchant, for 12,000l.; it is observable, that these pleasant seats often change their masters. We then crossed the Thames again, and went to see Mr. Hill's, the Envoy's seat, and curious gardens, and the town itself, particularly the remains of the Royal palace, built with battlements ; the green, the largest I ever saw in the midst of a town, is now almost surrounded with pleasant seats and houses ; all appears round the town with an universal air of grandeur. I could not but observe, upon a small sign at an out-house, at the entrance of the town, " The Royal Ass-house." After we had fully viewed the town and church-yard, where are several marble tombs, some very stately with statues, we took coach, and passed by Shene and Kew-green to Mort-lake, a pleasant town, as is also Putney; but at Wandsworth I observed some ruinous houses, which seems to indicate its declining state; but upon the hill is a noble prospect of London and Thames, which we ferried over from Lambeth, where I took leave of my very kind friend, who generously treated me, and of his mere motion, tendered a map of Yorkshire, for twenty miles on each side of Leeds, like one he gave me of like dimensions round London, and subscribed also for a set of the books. Upon my return, I corrected three sheets and the revise of two ; wrote by post to Justice Boynton ; was after sent for by Mr. Sleigh, lately come from Leeds, and was surprised to hear of the death of Mr. Thomas Dixon, the head-master of the Free School, dead in the prime of his days.
13. Die Dom. Morning, wrote in Diary; then inquired after Mr. Stretton's meeting-place, which I found hung round with black ; Mr. Cotton preached very well from Prov. xiii. 31. Doc. that old age in the way and service of God is very honourable. Afternoon, Mr. Henry preached excellently upon the much-lamented death of good Mr. Stretton, from 21 Cor. viii. 16. Showing, that though when, 1st. we look down upon the pulpit bereaved of its glory, we have cause to lament, yet we have cause of praise when we look up, and see our dear friend exalted from the society of poor sinners to glorified saints, bless God that ever we had such friends ; let us therefore, 3d. look back, and give thanks to God for so useful, charitable a person, so serviceable to many, in soul and body, so apt to promote works of charity ; which being what Titus was commended for in the text, and what the deceased was so remarkable for, he insisted the more largely upon showing, 1st. that he had in his heart an earnest care for the churches; 2d. that this is to the praise of God, that he put into his heart this care, which he applied first to Titus in general, as a minister of the Gospel, or Evangelist, for he had no particular concern for the Corinthians, being no settled stated minister there, yet was he as a good Christian solicitous for the good of all; let us learn hence to labour after an extensive goodness ; second, though Titus had the care of a great many as an Evangelist, yet his care concerning them was an earnest care; he did good to many, for he loved much. Oh, what a deal of good may a good man do, if he be but careful to improve the thoughts of his heart and the moments of his time, justly applying the character to good Mr. Stretton, and his care not for his congregation alone, but for many others far distant, to provide ministers for the congregations, and maintenance for the ministers; and in this great city he was particularly serviceable in setting up and directing the places and persons for the Morning Lecture, for which many souls bless God: yet did his care begin at the right end, care of his own soul: the last words he was heard distinctly to repeat were, " I know the Lord is my rock and my God !" He applied the discourse and providence to the congregation and relations. 2d. He considered Titus as an active instrument in the work of charity then set about in the church, and justly applied this to our deceased friend, as thousands can attest, in promoting the fund when first set up by him as a special instrument. Many churches and ministers bless God for his active spirit of charity, which extended itself as far as the North of Scotland, for erecting libraries there. After he was silenced in these parts he removed into Yorkshire, where he stayed seventeen years, and was even to the last in useful charities to ministers and their widows, since his remove hither, where useful to the last. There was an attentive and sorrowful auditory, and very numerous persons of rank standing in the court without the doors and windows. I afterwards wrote heads in Diary. Lord, help me to profit by thy word and by the rod ! Sanctify public losses ! read, &c.
14. Morning, rose before five ; wrote ; was at church ; then walked
as far as Petty France, yet in vain, as to Sir Br. St., Justice C. and
Mr. F. ; some gone abroad about business, others in bed ; two hours
after called to visit Dr. Calamy under his wound, by stroke of a horse,
which confined him to his bed, where he was preparing for the press
; which is engaged in second edition of Mr. Baxter's life in two volumes,
with the continuation and addition of his Reformed Liturgy, and many
memoirs of ministers ; he gave me his late sermon, containing advice
to Dissenters. Then correcting rny printers. Afternoon met with Mr.
Wanley and Mr. Kempe, who would have me with them to drink Spruce beer
; then at the printer's in White-friars. After walked to Gray's-inn
to Mr. Smith, who most courteously entertained me, and gave me some
inscriptions he had taken for me in his travels, particularly that for
the memorable Countess who had 365 children at a birth ; he saw the two basins they were baptized in. Evening with Mr. Newman, Mr. Gale, and Mr. Dale ; late enough that read little.
15. Morning was at church and printer's ; then received a visit from Mr. Kempe to see my Greek medals ; the collection of the Syrian kings was more complete than I expected ; he would have made an exchange, but I durst not adventure, he being an overmatch at them. I afterwards walked in vain to the Earl of Cardigan's, but was very kindly received by Judge Dormer (with whom I was invited to dine), who showed me some valuable family pictures, particularly an original of one who was judge, as I remember, anno 148.., with some of his lady's. I was especially pleased with that of her incomparable sister and brother-in-law, Bishop Burnet and his lady's, though there were some very good ones both in oil and crayons of the judge's lady's own workmanship : we had the company of a colonel, but J was better pleased with the more agreeable converse of Sir James Montague, the Bishop of Carlisle's friend.
16. Morning, rose as usual before five ; correcting the press till six; at church. After walked to Mr. Chamberlain's in Petty France, who received me most obligingly (after the dispatch of some business as Justice of the Peace) with his collection of Bibles, and the Lord's Prayer, which he hopes to publish in 200 languages. I also had there the company of two learned foreigners, Seignor M. Hegard, a Swede, professor of the Greek tongue at Loudon, in those parts, and Seignor Vander Eyken, converted from a monk by the cruelties he observed in their inquisitions. In rny return visited Mr. Fairfax at Westminster, and Mr. Newman at Whitehall, and Sir Andrew Fountain at St. James's; was thence at the printers' and the engravers', and evening in Little Britain amongst books ; read, &c.
17. Morning was at the printers'; at church ; then preparing again for the press, when called off to a Master in Chancery, about cousin Simpson's affairs. Afternoon to inquire of Lord Irwin's, and at Mr. Vertue's ; then at the meeting of the Royal Society, but taken from agreeable converse to enter recognizance about cousin Simpson's suit before Master in Chancery. After with Mr. Rawlinson ; read.
18. Morning, rose by five as usual, was at St. Paul's, then at the printer's, then at the Temple, &c. Visit Mr. Rawlinson (elder son of the late Lord Mayor, Sir Thomas Rawlinson) who has collected a vast number of very rare books, printed in the infancy of that art; he showed me also some valuable manuscripts, ancient and modern, in Dutch as well as Latin, well illuminated and gilt; but I was best pleased with the various editions of the Bible (amongst which I took particular notice of that most rare of Archbishop Parker's) and other rare books, not to be met with except in the Bishop of Ely's. I walked thence to Beaufort-buildings, to my Lord Irwin, who has promised to have a new prospect of Temple Newsome, engraved for my book, and was very respectful. I stayed the rest of the day at my lodgings, being pretty much out of order by overheating my body (as I apprehend) by walking: the Lord sanctify his hand and remove it in his due time ! I was somewhat apprehensive of a fever, but staying at home and obliging the printers to attend upon me, I was, blessed be God, somewhat better, that I met the King-at-Arms and three heralds according to appointment some days ago.
19. Morning, at church as usual ; but all day within writing, but found the inconvenience I dreaded from the press, not having a line from one house, whence two sheets should have been sent me, and but one from the other. In the evening I walked to Goodman-fields, to Mr. Stretton's, to persuade the printing some memoirs of his late excellent father, and to add his picture from the original, which he seemed inclinable to, and I promised what poor assistance lay in my power.
20. Die Bom. Morning, finished the perusal of Sir Richard Cox's excellent treatise on religion, wherein that learned Lord Chief Justice argues incomparably, that the Scriptures alone are the rule of faith, and no pretended infallibility of the Pope. Afterwards, read an excellent sermon of Dr. Calamy's till near eleven, that I went to the Bishop of Ely's, where, before the chapel door was opened I met with a kind reprimand for not staying dinner on the 6th inst. his Lordship having sent a messenger after me. A stranger preached well.
21. Morning, was at church ; then correcting for the press, and preparing for the rolling press ; was at Mr. Sturt the engraver's, and Mr. James the printer's, which kept me at work till near three, then dined, when concluded the perusal (as eating my favourite milk and bread) a most curious and excellent tract on the Knowledge of Medals, translated out of the original French, by my honoured friend Roger Gale, Esq. though not knowing so much, never read it till now, though recommended to me some years ago by the Earl of Pembroke, but was out of my mind till now, that I heard of, and bought to direct me in the catalogue of my medals, before I print it: was after at the College of Arms, reading last visitation; and after, Mr, Austin Oldisworth's collection of curiosities; he hath several animals, and some antiquities, but for variety of shells, is reputed the best in town, save Mr. Stonestreet's : was after with Mr. Gale and Mr. Dale, late enough, that read little before prayer.
22. Morning, correcting a proof sheet till six ; at church ; then at the printer's in Whitefriars . . and writing for the other press in Paternoster-row, and directing Mr. Edwards, the engraver; then with Mr. Atkins walked to Queen-street, Bloom sbury, to Mr. Vertue's ; agreed fully upon the rate of the picture, which Mr. Atkins says is to be eight guineas. After dinner went to Mr. Blondel's, to inquire after the family of the Hardresses, he having married Mr. Thoresby Hardress's daughter, but received not the satisfaction I expected; then at the Exchange and Mr. Cookson's, both in vain : after visited Mr. R. Dixon, and Mr. Gale. Read.
23. Morning, was at church and printer's, and preparing more copy, till about ten ; walked to West-minster Hall, where in the Exchequer (Tally Office) I had the favour by my kind friend Mr. Le Neve the King-at-Arms, to revise what I had transcribed from the index to the famous record, Domesday Book, whence I transcribed more, and prepared against the next view of the book itself, which I would not engage in now : in return met with Mr. Nelson and Dr. Bray at Mr. Newman's, and after, visited Mr. Anderson, and was mightily pleased with his noble work, which wants the Royal assistance to finish it, the Charters of the Kings of Scotland, from the originals at Durham all delicately engraved by Mr. Sturt and Mr. Lens, in large copper-plates, with the Great Seals, Privy Seals, and Signets, in the very same characters and size of the respective charters. He presented me with a specimen of Alexander the First. Besides those already printed, he has the rest curiously drawn even to her present Majesty ; and also the gold and silver medals and coins in each age, a noble design, but above the expences of any private gentleman. After my return, at four collating two catalogues of the Yorkshire gentry, as I ate my dinner ; then preparing for the press till evening : received a kind visit from the learned Mr. Anstis, (Member of Parliament for St. Germain's, in Cornwall) Norfolk Herald, and Mr. Dale. Spent evening agreeably till past nine.
24. Morning, was at church, and printers' in Whitefriars and Paternoster-row, and afterwards preparing other copy, and correcting the proof sheets and revise sheets till, at the meeting of Royal Society where met Mr. Nelson, and a message by him from the Lady Elizabeth Hastings, as a subscriber ; met also with Mr. Chamberlayn, and other good friends : was after with the secretaries a little at the Grecian Coffee House : for what was done at the meeting this day, see the minutes which I am promised the liberty to transcribe, and propose to do for all the time since I came to town. Afterwards, with Mr. Gale, who showed me a chapter of his learned and very curious manuscript relating to the Cathedral at York. Evening within, finished the collating of the two manuscript catalogues of the Yorkshire Gentry, 1582, lent me by the King-at-Arms, and Dean of Ripon : read.
25. Morning, at church; writ in Diary, and accurately corrected a proof sheet from one. Then walked to take leave of the worthy Bishop of Ely and the learned Dr. Hicks, (late Dean, now it is said a Bishop,) where I met with Mr. Bedford, who wrote the answer to Priestcraft in Perfection, to whom I promised to transmit dear Mr. Thornton's Answer, to insert in his second edition. I was also at Mr. Vertue's and Gray's Inn, but in vain at both places. Upon return, corrected for the other press, and finished the perusal of the pious Mr. Richardson's History of the attempts to convert the Popish natives of Ireland: the Lord bless such excellent endeavours ! There are some curious historical notes relating to the Bible, and prayers printed in that language and character, but the whole full of pious reflections and undeniable arguments. Evening, walked with Mr. Gale to Lincoln's Inn; read as usual, &c.
26. Morning, was at church, writing till nine, then in the library of the Heralds' Office, collating manuscripts relating to my own family till twelve. It is said there, the Duke of Leeds died at the Lord Lemp-ster's on Thursday last. Afterwards, writing letters till four, when to wait of Admiral Fairfax, an ingenious and obliging gentleman, (who had been twice at my lodgings in my absence) to continue that branch of the family: he presented me with autographs of Prince George, Admiral Sir Cloudesly Shovel. I afterwards walked from Lincoln's-inn-fields quite through the City, to Mr. Stretton's, at Goodman-fields, to give him the memoirs I had drawn up of his late excellent father, to be inserted in his Life, shortly to be published, with the funeral sermon by Mr. Henry. Stayed till past nine, read, &c.
27. Die Dom. Morning, finished perusal of Dr. Calamy's Comfort and Counsel to Protestant Dissenters, which is very good and serious; but his friendly admonition to such as desert them, is by some thought not so candid, as supposing all to proceed from secular designs ; whereas, I know to my sorrow, that in some it was not only never designed, but has been attended with considerable disadvantages and losses as to this world. Lord, grant it may be for my eternal welfare, and it shall suffice me ! I walked to Chelsea, but heard not Mr. Croft as I designed, he preaching to the Duchess of Beaufort ; but the Lecturer made an honest sermon concerning justice, the natural justice that every man may reasonably expect to protect 1. his life ; 2. his reputation, which is the next dear thing to a good man ; and 3. his legal rights and possessions. I dined with Madam Boulter, but missed of my kind friend her eldest son. After dinner, walked from Chelsea to Kensington, where cousin Hough preached very well from John iv. showing that integrity and uprightness of heart and life, are the best testimonies of the truth of our religion; for though ours be the best reformed Church, and our faith be never so sound, yet if there want sincerity of heart, and a suitable conversation, all our profession is in vain. In my walk thither, I read the Life of the pious and exemplary Mrs. Burnet, (the Bishop of Saruin's wife) which, though it may appear very extraordinary to such as knew her not, yet I must confess falls short of her in my opinion, and particularly it mentions nothing of the respect she deservedly had from the late excellent Queen Mary. Read also most of Mr. Henry's Reformation sermon.
28. Morning, was at church, and after at both the printers' and engraver's. Corrected three sheets till noon. After, at the rolling press, and again at Whitefriars, and at the Temple; and after at Mr. Sturt's. Was to visit Mr. Pettiver ; was surprized at his vast collections of animals, insects, and plants, from most parts of the habitable world. He gave me some autographs of his noted correspondents from foreign parts. Evening, walked with Mr. Gale in the Charter-house garden ; read, &c.
29. Morning, rose by four, then preparing for the press till six; at church; then walked to Petty France, and thence, (not meeting with my friend Mr.Chamberlayn) through St. James's Park, to Chel-sea, to my very kind friend Mr. Boulter, where consulted about the map. He generously offered to take me along with him in his own coach into Yorkshire, which would both oblige me with good company, and save 40*. coach hire. I afterwards visited the ingenious Mr. Croft, our countryman and an author, and then took leave of the very aged and pious Bishop of Gloucester, who gave me his Memoirs of Queen Mary, of which he has printed this second edition purposely to bear his testimony to the truth, and against the present humour of the age, of which he spoke with the greatest freedom. But I was much concerned at his melancholy apprehension of affairs, his Lordship thinking that popery and slavery are coming in upon us, that we are undone, undone; the like dismal apprehensions two others of that Right Reverend order I visited since I came to town, seem to be of. The Lord avert deserved judgments upon an ungrateful nation for former deliverances ! After my return, enquired for Mr. Strype of Low Leyton, and Mr. Henry of Hackney ; but neither of them were in town. Was with both the printers, and at the rolling press, and lastly to consult Mr. Lens, an ingenious artist, about drawing the monument at Hackney, and some medals. Saw some curious drawings of his with the pen, and others he has engraved also in mezzotinto: though more than half wearied, yet walked to Bishopsgate about business. Evening, within, read, &c.
30. Morning, from four to six, read, wrote ; then at church ; then at both the printers' and engraver's; rest of the day within, writing, preparing for the press, or correcting what came from thence, only in the evening with Mr. Sykes, a gentleman of considerable estate, whose father was of Leicestershire, as was Dr. Sykes, of Oxford, but all originally from Yorkshire; these bear the sedges.* We stayed late enough, having also my usual companions, Mr. Gale and Mr. Dale, that read little.
31. Morning, was at church and printers', but found the work go slow on, yet could not blame them, two of the compositors being in this new distemper, of which multitudes are sick, by the physicians called a Feveret : was at the meeting of the Royal Society, which was adjourned as usual, till the latter end of October; for what was done, see the Minutes, which I have leave to transcribe; only I shall hint that two letters were read relating to the death and dissection of the Duke of Leeds, one of the most eminent statesmen, who died on Saturday last: was after with both the Secretaries, Professor Halley, &c. at the Grecian Coffee-house ; before which, I was at Mr. Sturt's, the engraver's, and to see Mr. Bagford's collections, at the Charter-house, relating to his History of Printing, which I should be glad to see published, but suspect it will have the fate of Dr. James Newton's Herbal. Evening, within; read, &c.
August 1. Morning, rose by four; read and wrote till six; at Church, where, being rather too soon, finished the perusal of the pious Mr. Henry's excellent Reformation Sermon ; the Lord strengthen their hands and prosper their designs ! wrote and read till about eleven, when, at the request of Mr. Dale, took coach with him and Mr. Gale to Ham and Plaistow, to enquire farther about the family of the Blands ; was courteously received by Sir Richard Sandys, Bart, (with whom we dined) great grandson of the Archbishop, but having a rainy day, it prevented part of our project, of taking Mr. Strype's at Low Leyton, in our walks home, and made it more chargeable. Evening, with them till about ten.
2. Morning, lay till five ; corrected a sheet; was at church and printer's, then within writing till noon, when visited by Mr. Boulter, with whom about the Map, to procure the largest and best already published, thence to make a new one twenty miles on each side Leeds ; was with the engraver, Mr. Sutton Nichols (formerly Mr. Boulter's servant,) afterwards at the printer's, &c.
3. Die Dom. Morning, read; then walked to Hackney ; heard the excellent Mr. Henry expound a chapter in Genesis admirably, as his custom is ; he preached very well before and after noon, when (Mr. Strype being indisposed) I heard him twice, showing that it is our duty and interest, as creatures, to love and serve God ; and secondly, that it is our folly and misery as sinners, that we are separated and estranged from God; but it being too late to note the heads that night, and being throng, and out of town next day, they are omitted to my loss. It was my fault, and I hope my grief, that being in a continued hurry the week past, I had not leisure, or improved it not to the best purposes, that though Mr. Newcome, I perceive, celebrated the blessed Sacrament at the parish church, and Mr. Henry at the chapel, I was not fit for either place ; the Lord pity and pardon ! I look not upon habitual preparation as sufficient without actual, so durst not adventure upon it. After dinner at a victualling-house, I walked to Mr. Dawson's, at Clapton, who being at Tunbridge, I was kindly received by Mr. Heathcote, his nephew. After the latter sermon, I had the agreeable converse of Mr. Henry, at his new house, concerning the Memoirs of good Mr. Stretton, he having received those I transmitted to his son; he gave me some autographs, and the famous pen (a sacred relic) wherewith he has writ the Bible over, from the beginning of Leviticus to St. Matthew, with all the volumes of his Annotations, besides three sermons weekly, and letters, Memoirs of Mr. Stretton, and other tracts he has printed, and are ready for the press; in my return I made Bethnal-green my way, that I might take leave of Mr. Samuel Moreland, a pious and ingenious gentleman, who teaches young gentlemen ; he gave me an autograph of his kinsman, the famous Sir Samuel Moreland; read Mr. Howe's sermon at Mr. Mead's funeral, in my walks, and took leave of Mr. Stretton, in Mansel-street, Goodman's-fields.
4. Morning, having set both the presses at work in Paternoster-row and the White Friars, I walked to Kensington ; was in time for the prayers at the church there, as well as at St. Paul's, in the morning ; but to my shame do I record it, that though twice now, yet took a sad leave of them, the printers (upon notice of my designed return,) pressing so hard upon me to keep the four compositors at work, that I have never since got to the morning prayers, though I seldom was in bed at five, (never, I think, of late,) and sometimes not at four, yet I was in a perpetual hurry preparing matter for the press, correcting the proofs and the revise sheets. I was to wait of my Lord Chief Justice, Sir Thomas Parker, and walked thence to Colonel Bladen's, (whose mother was of the Fairfaxes of Steeton,) but being at Tun-bridge Wells, I missed the satisfaction of seeing the learned gentleman, who has published a curious version of Caesar's Commentaries ; took leave of cousin Hough, and after dinner and a better repast upon autographs, returned; in my walks, finished the perusal of the pleasing account of the success of the two Danish missionaries, lately sent to the East Indies ; tice of some of the curious monuments erected there for Sir Christopher Wren's family, Dr. Holder, &c. Evening, at Mr. Bagnal's, who obliged me with the sight of some curious manuscripts relating to the Rawdens, his wife's family.
8. Morning, as usual; then walked to St. James's, to take leave of the Earl of Pembroke and Sir Andrew Fountaine, but found that part of the town much thinner, they being both in the country, and so Mr. Wren, in his attendance upon the Queen ; so that (including that at Sir Christopher Wren's,) I made three visits in vain ; upon my return, engaged with the presses as usual. Evening, a little at the Grecian coffee-house, with Dr. Sloane ; was pleased in reading manuscript Memoirs of the ancient family of the Rawdens, of Rawden, in Yorkshire, of which Sir George, Sir Marmaduke, Colonel Rawden, and Mr. Marmaduke Rawden, the benefactor at York, were particularly memorable.
9. Morning, . . .; was all forenoon busily engaged in supplying the printing presses ; then at Mr. Kempe's museum, comparing my Greek medals with some of his, for my further instruction ; made some exchanges: afternoon, directing Mr. Nichols about engraving the twenty miles map ; then at Dr. Sloane's and Mr. Collins's.
10. Die Dom. Read sermon; then heard Mr. Elstob preach at St. Swithin's; he expatiated upon the apostle's character of a bishop, &c. paraphrasing that part of the chapter relating to the office of a minister. I dined with him, and was much pleased with his learned design of the Saxon laws, which he showed me the manuscript of, with some of Mr. Wheelock's Somner's, and the curious transcript of the Textus Roffensis, and gave me a specimen of it, wrote as the whole manuscript was from the original by a boy under ten years of age, who waited at the table. Afternoon I heard Mr. Tong, and evening Mr. Bradbury, at the same place ; two excellent sermons, but not having time to note the heads, lost much advantage. Afterwards (expecting Mr. Boulter in the morning to begin our Yorkshire journey) I walked to Dr. Sloane's and to Crane-court, to return the manuscript minutes of the weekly proceedings of the Royal Society since I came to town ; was severely wet, and had another misfortune which I interpreted a judgment upon my intrenching upon the Lord's-day. Pardon, O merciful Father, whatever thy pure eyes have seen amiss in me this day ! In my return home I visited the celebrated Dr. Gibson, the author of the Anatomy, &c. Read, &c.
11. Morning. .... then putting up my apparel and books, expecting my friend Mr. Boulter. Afterwards had the compositors from both presses receiving directions, which took up much of the day, our journey being deferred. Evening .....
12. Morning read, &c.; then directing the compositors who again attended me. Was after to take leave of the Lord Irwin and receive directions about the prospect of Temple Newsome ; after with Mr. Dale.
13. Morning was engaged in correcting the press till noon ; after visited the learned Mr. Anstis, and in the same court our noted countryman Mr. Rymer, the Historiographer royal, who would needs engage me to visit him again to show me more curiosities.
15. Dispatching away my trunk and one parcel by the carrier to Leeds; then at both the printers' till noon. After, writing, and at Mr. Ashley's directing the rolling press ; read as long as light, then walked to Goodman-fields, to Mr. Stretton, about his father's memoirs.
17. Die Dom. Morning, I read the Lord Wil-loughby of Brooke's excellent sermon, preached at the last anniversay meeting of the children educated iu the charity schools in the City, June 12, when I saw many hundreds of them going to the church that the streets could scarcely be passed for the concourse ; then called upon by Mr. Bland, to introduce him to his cousin Dale's at the College of Arms, with whom we were to dine. Dr. Wallis made an excellent and suitable sermon from that of the Evangelist,—" Lazarus, whom thou lovest, is sick." Showing for what ends God is pleased to visit a person or people with sickness, viz. to move them ; 1 to self-examination ; 2. humility, when they see how little strength, beauty, riches, or learning avail when sickness comes ; 3. prayer; 4. to convince them they are mortals —our first parents had never seen any die, but we do daily, yet live as if immortal; then what use we should make of sickness, vis. to go to Christ (as in the text he was sent for) by earnest prayer, fervent supplication ; then to send for the minister of Jesus Christ, their prayers may serve the sick, to make use of a religious physician, which he said he had reason to recommend. An atheistical doctor in this city had told his patient he should not thank God, but him, for his recovery. He preached excellently, and I was much affected, it being so suitable to the providence of God, that these parts labour under at this time, a new distemper, which some call a feveret, others the Dunkirk distemper or fever, of which some compute an hundred thousand were sick at the same time; the like was never known before. A gentleman told me nine of his family were down of it at the same time. The Lord sanctify this providence ! Afternoon, Mr. Middleton preached at the same church, from that, " The children of this world are wiser in their generation than the children of light," but had so much of his native Scotch tone and I so little memory to that which is good, that I profited little. We afterwards stayed so long at Mr. Dale's (when other books than were very proper for the Lord's-day were too much my diversion) that I was very late at the evening lecture, where I found my friend, the pious Mr. Henry, giving good directions against foolish thoughts, which was proper for me : Lord pity and pardon ! I afterwards spoke to him and Mr. Tong, and then made a visit to parson Elstob of St. Swithin's, who presented me with his essay on the great affinity and mutual agreement of the two professions of Divinity and Law, wherein he shows much ancient learning relating to the Saxon laws, which he is going to publish, with the addition of many more, unknown to Lambert, Wheelock, £c.; his learned sister also is almost ready to publish a volume of Saxon Homilies. Afterwards wrote heads of forenoon sermon in Diary, and read part of Mr. Henry's sermon at his mother's funeral.
18. Morning, lay till near five ; then preparing manuscript for the press till six; at church ; wrote till ten ; with Mr. Gale at Dr. Woodward's, to see some of his collections; then again writing till three, when sent for by Mr. Dale, with whom rest of day ; and evening, read.
19. Morning, writing, and preparing for the press (after secret prayer) till six ; at church ; then at the printer's till ten, when met with Mr. Whiston, a learned person, but wretchedly heterodox; but was revived and mightily pleased with two learned and pious gentlemen I met with at my Lord Chief Justice Parker's, Hugh Fortescue, Esq. and his brother Joseph, who were very conversant in the Holy Scriptures, and turned readily to the several Anti-Arian texts in the original, (which had marked in the Bible,) and argued both learnedly and piously against those heresies After dinner, at Dr. Woodward's, at Gres-ham College ; took a view of some of his valuable collection of antiquities, but lost too much time, because of some young gentlemen (who had not a genius that way); invited also to dine there, that I grudged the misspense of the time, whereby also I missed of Mr. Boulter and Mr. Stretton, who had called to see me. After, walked to Mr. Vertue's. Evening, within, read, &c.
20. Morning, correcting a sheet till six ; at church; then at both the presses, and perusing the manuscript to make it still more intelligible in my absence. After, received a kind visit from Mr. Boulter ; then took leave of Mr. Rymer, the Historiographer Royal, who gave me some of his tracts.
21. Morning, very busy preparing manuscripts and writing, that only retired, but got not to church; making papers ready, in order to my journey. Was at the Exchange, and at both the printers' and at rolling-press, and other places about business till six. With Dr. Tanner (the Chancellor of Norwich), Mr. Le Neve, and other heralds; too late. Was troubled at some expressions in company, that dropped from some who would be thought the only wits, and glory in the style of Freethinkers, who deny the existence of spirits, downright affirming those expressions in ^Scripture, the works of the flesh, and the works of the Devil are synonymous, there being no such thing as a Devil in their opinion. The Lord enlighten their dark minds, and let not much learning make them mad! Stayed too late, being earnest in opposing them. Lord pity and pardon !
22. Morning, lay till five; then writing, and put-ting up papers and books for Yorkshire, to send by the carrier, hoping to begin our journey (according-to appointment) to-morrow, with my good friend Mr. Boulter; the Lord make it prosperous, and grant I may find all well at home! Sending away my books and papers, and correcting the press, took up the forenoon. Dined at Mr. Preston's (Sir B. Ailoffe's son-in-law) who kindly subscribed for two books. Afternoon, again correcting the press : was at both the printers' in Paternoster-row and White-friars, and at the rolling-press in Fetter-lane till evening, when I was surprised with the old gentlewoman's (Mr. Atkin's mother,) demand of 4s. per week for my lodgings, whereas by contract that was to be gratis, and but a slender compensation for the fatigue and expense of my journey. She pretended her son had nothing to do but in the shop ; the dis-ingenuity vexed me more than the gold I paid her, and took her discharge. But I was somewhat revived with a most kind letter sent me from Whitehall, wherein good Mr. Newrnan acquainted me that at the motion of the excellent Mr. Nelson, (the pious author of the Companion for the festivals and Fasts of the Church, and other devout tracts,) the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge had elected me a corresponding member of their society, with a pleasing account of their success in ten years, since their happy institution ; the good Lord continue to bless their pious endeavours! to which I shall be glad if I can in the lowest degree be serviceable. Evening, at Mr. Dale's.
23. Morning, lay till past four, till I could see to read, then corrected the sheets sent last night from both presses, whither I carried them, and gave further directions. Afterwards, walked to take leave of cousin Whyte of Dublin; and in return, of Mr. Anderson, of Edinburgh, to whose learned labours I wish good success. Then went to Whitehall, where I enjoyed the pious Mr. Newman's agreeable converse ; took leave of him and Mr. Banks. Then at the printers' till noon. After, putting up linen and papers till two ; walked to Mr. Boulter's at Chelsea, who was come in the mean time to visit me ; but met opportunely with the obliging Mr. Croft, the minister, who introduced rne to the celebrated Mrs. Astell, who has printed many pious and curious tracts, and is the same lady who corresponded with Mr. Norris about Divine love. In my return, read, till I got to town, where I happily met with Mr. Boulter, and concerted measures about our return into the North.
24. Die Dom. Morning . . . then walked to Hackney; in my way read the Devout Psalmodist, by Mr. John Burroughs, a corresponding member of the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge; Mr. Newcome and Mr. Strype were both absent, the latter (my good old friend) under great weakness, I fear: the Lord recover him in mercy, if it be his good pleasure ! But I spent the Sabbath comfortably with my pious friend Mr. M. Henry, who after the Exposition of the Scripture, wherein he has a happy talent and peculiar felicity, preached excellently from Matt. xvi. 26, showing that the whole world cannot compensate the loss of the soul; he preached both ends of the day at Hackney; prayed in his family, and sung a psalm after dinner, and in the evening went to preach a lecture in the city ; so unwearied is the good man in his Master's service. I was too late for any lecture, making a visit in my return, but went to the prayers at Ludgate church ; was after with Mr. Gale.
25. Morning . . . correcting for the presses, was at both of them, and after with Mr. Boulter, about our journey, and with Mr. Watkinson, and to visit Sir Richard Blackmore, the learned author of several pious and ingenious poems ; then with Mr. Watkinson about his intended benefactions to the charity school and library at Leeds ; was after to see Mr. Oldisworth's curiosities, but was troubled to miss of the excellent Mr. Nelson, and a clergyman (whether Dean Hicks, or Dr. Bray, I know not,) who came to visit me. Evening, with Mr. Gale and Mr. Dale.
26. Morning ... at both the printers' giving them the rest of the copy
: breakfasted at Mr. Gale's, took leave of that good friend, and Mr.
Dale; then at Mr. Oldisworth's museum, bought some Indian curiosities
. . . then hasted to meet Mr. Boulter, of Bloom sbury, according to
appointment ; took leave of Mr. Collins, (who has printed the Peerage
of England, in three volumes, and is about the History of Baronets.)
I walked with Mr. Boulter to Mr. Vertue's, to see the imperfect effigies,
and thence to his new lodgings.
My kind friend and I began our journey about twelve from the famous metropolis ; we travelled to Hampstead, noted for its mineral waters and confluence of gentry ; thence to Highgate ; of some benefactions there see former collections of inscriptions : in the way had a delightful view of London and the adjacent country, particularly Harrow on the Hill; noted for its church upon the highest ground in these parts (whence its very name, a voce, heapj:) hence we might see to Gravesend, and the mouth of the Thames at the Hope, for we had a most delicate clear day and most pleasant travelling; thence by several towns on the side of Enfield Chase, which yet abounds with deer and wood, though but seven miles from London ; from Barnet, a market-town and great thoroughfare to Hatfield, noted by travellers for a noble palace belonging to the Earl of Salisbury, with a fine park and vineyard, and by divines for its church, (of the monuments wherein see my former journals) and noted living, supposed to be the best in England, and worth a thousand pounds per annum ; thence, along by Sir William Read's park, remarkable for its noble timber, and a large brick-wall surrounding it, to Welwyn, a town of good inns ; thence to Steven-age, a great malting town, at the end of which, are several tumuli or barrows, whether of the Romans or Danes is controverted ; but if its name be more properly writ, Stevenhaugh, it seems to determine them for the latter, the termination being septentrional: we lodged here this night; enjoyed my company.
27. Morning, begun our journey, through Bal-dock-lanes, notorious for their badness, as the neighbourhood for exaction of passage-gelt through the enclosures ; the town itself has a good trade in corn and cheese, brought from the Fen countries. At Biggleswade, a market-town, we left the full road and passed through a pleasant corn country, and several church towns, to Bedford, that gives name to the county, situate on both sides of the river Ouse, which is navigable for boats, from Lynn hither ; there are two gate-houses upon the bridge, and near the river side has been an ancient castle, of which, scarce so much as any ruins remain ; there being a bowling-green upon the height of all, whence a good prospect into the adjoining country; it is a clean town, but dead for want of trade and business; no spirit or life appeared; we could not procure a map of the county, either at the booksellers', coffee-house, or inn. We crossed over the country to see Har-wood, (which the country people call Harold or Harls-wood) which is pleasantly situate, in this dry season, but seems to be too low and moist for winter, though here is a pleasant seat of the Lady Jolly. The standing still of the river Ouse, and leaving a clear passage void of water, before the civil wars 1399, and the death of King Charles the First, is both mentioned by Mr. Camden, and his continuator in Dr. Gibson's edition, and was also confirmed to us by the inhabitants, particularly a gentleman that was fishing, who said it was a little above where he then was. In our way hither, we passed over two bridges of about thirty low arches each, and some part of the way as rocky as can well be supposed in the most remote parts of the island, though the arable land is carefully cultivated; as also in Hertfordshire, where I forgot to note that we observed a plough, with two small iron wheels, which render it very expeditious in husbandry. From Harwood, we passed through ..... where was a very antique fabric, which the inhabitants had no name for, whereby to distinguish whether it had been for sacred or civil uses, and it was so dark that we could discern no particular form; it afterwards grew so excessive dark before we could reach our journey's end, that we very narrowly escaped overturning; we got out of the coach, not without difficulty, and walked on foot to Northampton, where we lodged.
28. Morning, viewed the town, situate on the river Nen or Avon, and as now rebuilt, one of the most delicate, pleasant towns in England, adorned with great variety of architecture, in the portico before the great church, the Guildhall and other public and private buildings in the large quadrangular market-place, the High-street, &c.: its chief manufacture is shoes and boots. I transcribed some epitaphs, and among the rest, one for John Bailes, who died in April 1706, aged 126, yet his hearing, sight, and memory perfect. From Northampton we travelled to Harborough,, a large market-town, but chiefly noted for the best coach-horses, and those for troopers, sold here in great numbers at their annual fairs: thence, I remember little till we came to Leicester, the county town, remarkable for antiquity, and also for its modern state; besides the remains of the castle, there are at the Old Wark some very handsome late erections; we visited two or three of the churches ; the most remarkable epitaph is that of Mr. Heyrick and his wife, which see in my collection of Epitaphs ; they lived together fifty-two years, yet buried none out of the family, though sometimes twenty in household; she lived ninety-seven years and saw one hundred and forty-three descendants. There are two remarkable hospitals; that especially, erected by the Duke of Lancaster, covered with lead, is one entire room, the men's lodging on one side, the women's on the other, with a chapel for devotions at the end, continually open to them. The houses of the town are generally ancient, but the market cross, conduit for water, and hall for the assizes are new erections, perfectly modern: the feast of St. Blase, a bishop, is celebrated yearly about Candlemas by those who deal in wool, he being said to be the first who invented the combing thereof. The monuments in the church-yards are generally made of a sort of black marble, the product of this country, which seems capable of improvement. Evening at the Coffee-house, &c.
29. Morning, rose pretty early, took our journey by Mount Sorrel, or
Steril, as some call it, alluding to its sterility ; the houses are
many of them built of p irregular stones, diversely variegated, hard
to be <J wrought, and therefore walled as they are found. Mr. Place,
a person of curiosity and judgment in those affairs, says they are porjghyjy
; the variety of colours makes them look pleasantly, even in their rough
cast; I brought a sample of that and the black marble along with me.
The next place of note is, Loughborough, a large market town, with a
good church. Bunny is but a small country village, but deserves a grateful
memorial for the seat and benefaction of Sir Thomas Perkins, who, anno
1700, built a very delicate school, with a small hospital at the end
of it; gives 10l. per annum to the schoolmaster ; for the inscriptions,
see my pocket-book of epitaphs, &c. We reached Nottingham in so
great time, that we hoped to have got to Mansfield, but the coach wanting
some repair detained us ; hereby took the fuller view of the town, pleasantly
situate near the river Trent : the castle is a noble pile of building,
begun by William, Duke of Newcastle, anno 1667; his statue on horseback
in the front is well performed; here is a noble prospect of the country,
but the wind being strong, could not so well come nigh the out-parts,
nor venture down the precipice to Mortimer's Hole; many of the rooms
are wainscoted with cedar. Here are some good original pictures of the
Earls of Clare; for the inscriptions upon whose monuments in the great
church, see my former collections; and for others, thence and in another
church, see the latter part; and for that upon Mr. Collins's hospital,
which is a most excellent fabric, with a square court in the midst of
twenty alms-houses, each consisting of four rooms, being for the reception
of poor families ; he is said to have been of the Family of Love, but
of a most extensive charity, living and dying.
I visited Mr. Fenton, prebendary of Southwell, a native of our parish, and had the benefit of the prayers at his church; then went to see them make the curious Nottingham mugs ; he formed one piece of clay into a mug, then immediately into a teapot, then a decanter, and in a few moments into six or seven vessels, of quite different forms, which brought to my thoughts that Scripture, " as clay in the hands of the potter." We went also to see Mr. Nicholas Strelley (of the ancient family of Strelley, of Strelley,) spin glass very fine, and make some curiosities of the same materials ; bought some.
30. Morning, rose early ; begun our journey over the pleasant forest of Sherwood ; in view of many pleasant seats of the nobility, particularly Ruffqrd, formerly an abbey, lately the seat of the Marquis of Halifax, and Thoresby, at present the noble seat of the Marquis of Dorchester. We had after, the distant prospects of Worksop and Kiveton, the noble palaces of the Dukes of Norfolk and Leeds, and of many noted places in Yorkshire, the honour of Tick-hill, Laughton-in-le-Morthing, (not the Morning, as commonly miscalled,) and got late enough to Don-caster, where we lodged.
31. Die Dom. Morning, was much concerned that was obliged to travel all the day with my friend, at whose expense I have been all the journey, and whose business called him to York, where we arrived in the evening, after a most uncomfortable day's journey, not only in the anxiety of my mind, which was very uneasy, but other cross accidents ; had much rain, and missed our way more than in all the journey before, so that we might read our sin in the punishment.
Sept. 1. Morning, walked with Mr. Boulter to Mr. Place's and Dr. Ashenden's ; visited also cousin Lumley's and Admiral Fairfax ; we begun our journey about noon, and got in good time to Gawthorp Hall, the seat of my kind friend, Mr. Boulter, whose company and books enjoyed in the evening.
2. Morning, rose early; then rode to Leeds by eight, where, through the Divine goodness, I found my poor family well, and had renewed occasion to bless our merciful Protector, both for personal and relative mercies ; made my first visit (as in conscience and gratitude obliged,) to the house of God, and after to relations and friends, which took up rest of day and evening: read only in Psalms and Numbers, where had left off when begun my journey.
4. Morning, read; wrote a little; till ten at prayers: afternoon, walked with Ralph to Beeston Hall, to deliver the parchment; in return, saw much vanity at a distance upon Holbeck-moor, at the feast foolishly begun there of late years.
6. Morning, read ; wrote to Bishop of Carlisle; till ten at prayers ; after, amongst papers; but was prevented of going to church, by a visit from Sir Walter and the Lady Calverley, &c. to see the curiosities. Evening, wrote in diary ; read as usual before prayer,
11. Morning, read before family prayer; then walked with the ingenious artist, Mr. Place, to Ca-valier Hill, to take a prospect of the town and na-vigable river, which took up most of day; evening, at Aid. A. and with Mr. Place, at Coffee-house.
12. Morning, read; then, again taking prospect of the town ; and after, at the New Church, (Alder-man Rontree being to be buried,) taking its prospect; evening, with him and cousin K. at the Talbot.
13. Morning, read; showing collections to stran-gers; then, taking the prospect of the Old Church ; and again at the hill, to finish that of the town, till four; after, at Alderman Milner's and Mr. Skin-ner's, with Mr. Place.
14. Die Dom. Morning, could not sleep; was much concerned at what Mr. Milner told me last night, about the Corporation's design to elect me to supply a late vacancy, which I earnestly and heart-ily desired his assistance to prevent; and I was also much troubled at the prospect of too much of this holy day's being unsuitably spent, being obliged to attend my guest to Sir George Tempest's, at Tong; read, &c.; then, rode with Mr. Place to Tong; was shameful late at the chapel, where Mr. Rawson preached very well against tbe Jewish sin of usury : he afterwards dined with us at Sir George's; but, being to preach at Calverley, we had no divine worship afternoon. Lord, pity and pardon ! Evening, read, &c.
15. Morning, read, &c.; then, rode with my friend, Mr. Place, to the Warren-house, upon Bram-ham Moor, (the half-way house to York,) where, after a refreshment, we parted. In my return, I visited Parson Plaxton, at Berwick, and got well home, blessed be God !
16. Morning, read; wrote till ten; at church; afternoon, abroad, at cousin W.'s, with Mr, A. F.; and after, with Alderman Milner; got the stream diverted.
17. Morning, began Ecclesiastes, or "the Preacher," as in this ancient version ; wrote to two Mr. Gales, per post; then, to avoid appearance at the Court, took what sheets of the Ducatus Leodiensis are printed off, and carried them to Mr. Plaxton, who has importunately desired the perusal of them ; that reading part of which took up rest of day and evening, till family prayers.
18. Morning, after Mr. Plaxton's prayers in family, we again read ditto till dinner; and after, till past three, when I returned home, and in my walks read the Knowledge of Medals, an excellent tract translated from the French, by my honoured friend Roger Gale, Esq.
20. I begun the Canticles, (" Ballet of Ballets," in this old version,) in secret, and read.
24. Morning, read; then, showing collections to Mr. Booth, an artist, who has lately drawn Howley Hall; till ten at church; after, wrote a little, till visited by Mr. Moult, who stayed till evening, which was spent with Mr. Dwyer, Mr. Wilkinson, of Dublin.
25. Morning, read; then writing an account of the Hebrew coins till ten ; at church; after, poring upon the Greek medals; evening, at cousin Aid-burgh's.
26. Morning, read; most of the day upon the Greek History and Medals, till diverted by a Lancaster gentleman to see the collections, with whom to show him the town and lock; at cousin W.'s request, spent evening there.
27. Morning, read, &c.; then, had Dr. Tomlin-son's company to Ledstone Hall, where most kindly received by the excellent and most pious Lady Elizabeth Hastings, who showed me some valuable books and pictures of relations, both of the Earl of Huntingdon's family and Sir John Lewis's, the benefactors ; amongst other, the Lady Davis's, (the Irish prophetess,) and a treatise of her husband's, (the Attorney-General,) concerning the Immortality of the Soul; these and the agreeable conversation tempted us to stay too long, that we were late enough home ; but, blessed be God, had good weather, (though sore rains this morning,) and tolerable way.
29. Morning, read, &c.; then assisting Lords of Manor collecting fee-farm rents, till three; at five at Court, where too much contention was evident, though I gave my vote for William Nevile, Esq. to be Alderman, thinking it an honour to the place I am writing the history of, her Majesty having thought fit to make him High Sheriff of the county and Justice of Peace; yet I cannot so far comply with that party, as to think that fifteen votes should preponderate seventeen, directly opposite to the minutes in the Court-book, that Mr. S. P. was elected by majority of votes. I afterwards was with them at the treat, but came away with the Vicar and clergy in good time.
Oct. 3. Morning, was much affected with a letter received per this post, from the Secretary of the Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge: the Lord direct them in their consultations, and grant thy blessing, O God, upon their pious endeavours, that all places may be filled with the knowledge of thy will, in all wisdom and spiritual understanding, that we may walk worthy of the Lord unto all well-pleasing ; being fruitful in every good Avork, and increasing in the knowledge of God the Father, and Jesus Christ whom he sent into the world to save sinners: and grant, O merciful Father! that this divine knowledge may be attended with answerable obedience in holy renewed, and exemplary lives !
10. Morning, read and writ till ten; at church ; after received a visit from Sir Walter Calverley and other Justices, &c. Rest of day transcribing some ancient deeds relating to that family ; till four at the county sessions to see them and others, Sir George Tempest, my friend Dr. Richardson, &c. with whom rest of day and part of evening; consulting Mr. Skelton about the map.
15. Morning, read, and wrote per post till near noon, when rode with my dear friend Mr. Milner to Nun Appleton, enjoyed his good company in the evening.
16. Morning, read, then taking a more particular view of the noble fabric he has erected and almost finished : may he and his long enjoy it ! Then rode to York, was glad to find the three prospects so near finished by Mr. Place, with whom and Dr. Ash-enden a little. Then called at the auction of the late chancellor (Dr. Watkinson's) valuable library ; hasted out of town, and fearing to be benighted, only called at my Lord Archbishop's but alighted not ; rode all alone over the Moors to Nun-Appleton, but got well thither, blessed be God! Was in company of old Robert Taite, who has seen the chapel and some remains of the nunnery ; saw the old house pulled down and a stately new one erected by Thomas Lord Fairfax, the General, and now the most of that pulled down, and a much more convenient (though not quite so large an one) erected by Mr. Milner; he remembers the first Thomas Lord Fairfax and his son Ferdinando ; was servant to the third Lord, the General; the Lord Henry and last Lord Thomas were also survived by him, who now lives in the sixth Lord Fairfax's time, five of whom he has seen. Evening read.
17. So this morning, then transcribing some memorandums of Mr. Henry Fairfax (father to the fourth Lord) relating to Bolton church, of which he was rector; looking amongst the ruins, found one stone with Orate pro anima, but the name not legible, the rest broken off that no date appeared. After dinner returned with my kind friend to Leeds, where late enough, but, blessed be God ! got well home and found all well there.
27. Morning, wrote and read ; rest of the day upon the consular medals, writing an account of them. Evening read.
28. All day as yesterday ; read, &c., but upon family coins all day.
November 6. Read and wrote till ten ; at church; after upon the consular medals till evening; read.
7. Morning, read, &c. All day transcribing a sheet for the press. Evening read, &c.
11. Morning read, &c.; then writing till ten; at prayers; after
at the Vicar's to assist parson Dixon's widow ; rest of day within writing.
Evening read, concluded Sir Richard Blackmore's noble poem, The Creation;
a learned, ingenious, and most pious treatise, with which I was often
" The Atheist if to search for truth inclin'd
May in himself his full conviction find,
And from his body teach his erring mind."
12. Much affected in a dream I had about the remains of many learned men represented to my imagination, as all that is left of them on this side eternity. Read till light, then wrote till noon about business. Evening with Mr. R. ; read.
13. Was within all day, read and wrote in order for the press, except when received a kind visit from Mr. Skelton about the twenty miles map. Evening, read.
28. This day as yesterday, wholly spent in study. Evening, ....
29. Morning, read ; wrote per post, and carrier till near eleven; then at my usual employment till past two ; at the funeral of Mr. Ibbetson's eldest son ; had the Mayor's, cousin Milner, and others of the Aldermen's company at my house, till the burial. Evening, &c.
Dec. 12. Morning, read; was_ all day within writing for the press, except a little with visitants.
13. Morning, wrote to Mr. Gale and Mr. Atkins till light; then again poring upon the old coins, and proceeding in the catalogue, which is tedious enough, and took up all day and part of evening; had son Ralph's assistance.
16. Morning, read; former part of day at my study; but the latter and part of evening abroad about business, though to little purpose; not so much money to be got as will pay taxes; then at my study till past nine.
17. Morning, wrote by post; then at my usual employ till noon; at the funeral of good old Math. Wilkinson. Mr. Cookson preached very well from that of the Psalmist, "So teach us to number our days, that we may apply our hearts unto wisdom ;" the three dead corpses preached another lecture of mortality. Mr. Ray, chaplain to the Lord Irwin, brought me a message from the excellent Lady Dowager with a roll of arms, perusal of which took up time ; then at study till past nine.
19. Morning, read till eight; was all day with the feoffees and cousin I. S. at Great Woodhouse, the Car, and skirts of this town, distributing part of great-grandfather Jenkinson's dole to poor housekeepers.
21. Die Dom. Morning, read heads of sermons in diary ; the Vicar preached excellently and suitably concerning Christian festivals, and the keeping them with sincerity and truth, showing the lawfulness of instituting religious festivals of praise and thanksgiving, and of what use they are in the Church of Christ; answering objections, as : 1. that they are will-worship, mere human institutions, not only without warrant from, but in opposition to the Scripture, showing that the only place in Scripture, (Coloss. ii. 23,) wherein will-worship is mentioned, is expressly, as appears by the coherence, against the introducing the Jewish ceremonies, which were abrogated by Christ; that though, indeed, the instituting a new kind of worship would be indisputably sin, as setting up a new object of worship, yet there are several matters relating to time and place, the season, and proper occasions, that being matters of indifference, are left to the authority of the Christian church to determine : second objection, that the observation of them is needless and superstitious, and condemned even by God himself, "no observer of times," Deut. xviii. 10, and that of the Apostle to the Galatians, showing that the former is directed against the heathens, the latter against the Jewish ceremonies; but the feast of Purim, and that instituted in the time of the Maccabees, were of human institution, yet was our Saviour personally present, without reproving it : third objection, that they too generally occasion vice and immorality, which is a deplorable truth, if it be a necessary consequence; but by the same parity of reason, the wicked lives of Christians may be objected against the truth of the Christian religion : second head, to show how the due observation of this festival serves to show the excellency of the Christian religion; and that 1. as it requires an ardent and more than ordinary devotion towards God, and charity to the poor: who can meditate seriously upon God's sending his only Son to die for us, and of his willingness to leave Heaven, but he must feel these effects ? third head, the great care that in these rejoicings we do not exceed the due bounds of sobriety and temperance, and to that end, fail not daily to beg the Divine assistance in fervent prayer, that when your mind is somewhat relaxed, you may not sin against him.
26. With my two boys, to show them the lion, panther, &c.
27. Morning read, and wrote to Mr. Gale; then proceeding in catalogue of coins.
29. Morning, read ; wrote ; till near twelve at the funeral of Alderman Gibson ; Mr. Lodge preached very well from that " night cometh wherein no man can work ;" the text and Providence were both awakening : going from thence to the funeral of another ancient member of the Corporation, Domine Hunter : yet all this does not mortify me as it ought, but that I was too much moved at Mr. . . .'s talking of my election to an office they are sensible I am as unwilling to accept of, as unfit to execute.