A. D. 1691.
The weekly fasts were revived by the King; when I had the opportunity
of hearing two sermons, at h the church and chapel, which revived my
spirits under the fatigues at Sheepscar, which so oppressed me, that
sometimes I could scarce get half an hour at home all the day, especially
when seed was brought in. I was also, during my brother's London journey,
obliged to attend his shops at Armley and Leeds in the afternoons ;
and the forenoons, during the time of my drinking the Spa waters at
Quarry Hill, were almost entirely lost, that though for my health, I
could scarce forbear repining at it.
[We now resume the Diary.]
April. 1. Morning, read Diodati's Annotations upon 1st Thessalonians before family prayer, and wrote before secret; then attended the lecture. Mr. Sharp preached excellently from Psalm xix. 13, whence he raised many doctrines. 1st. Restraining, preventing, assisting grace is needful and desirable to all. 2d. Though all sins ought to be avoided yet more especially presumptuous sins. 3rd. Secret sins un [corrected] may grow into presumptuous. 4th. It should be our great desire and prayer that sin may not gain dominion over us. 5th. Presumptuous sins not avoided will usurp dominion. 6th. Only Divine grace can preserve from presumptuous sins and their dominion. 7th. Uprightness is a qualification very fit and meet for a servant of God. 8th. Uprightness preserves from presumption. 9th. No man can be a servant both to God and sin. 10th. It not only concerns us to renounce the service of sin, but to profess the service of God. llth. Presumptuous reigning sins make dreadful approaches towards the great transgressions. Lastly, No man can have any so strong security against that great offence, as by shrouding himself by prayer, and care against presumptuous sins and their dominion. He insisted excellently upon the second, and mainly designed doctrine from the text, We ought with a more special care to beware of presumptuous sins : which he proved—1st. Because David doth not expressly pray against the being of other sins of daily incursion, but against these he doth. And that 2nd. under the notion of God's servant, implying that presumptuous sins are more unbecoming a child of God than any other person ; and 3rd, of dominion ; because presumptuous sins, of all others, give power and dominion to sin ; 4th. of the great transgression (supposed to be the sin against the Holy Ghost) implying that presumptuous sins do lead to that unpardonable sin. But the marrow of the doctrine consisted in a showing what these presumptuous sins are; he discoursed learnedly and excellently thereupon. The Hebrew word properly signifies proud men and prides ; but to confine to the translation it imports a boldness to do a thing, and is taken sometimes materially, sometimes formally. 1st. Taken materially, it is one particular kind of sin opposed to despair, when the thing wherein we sin is a thing unwarrantable by the word of God, and the cause hereof is misbelief; and by this we may condemn for presumers, 1st. All you who go on in a continual wicked course all your days, yet hope for salvation. 2nd. You who cast yourselves into extraordinary dangers, either spiritual or civil, as to travel in dangerous ways without a guide, to thrust oneself into a knot of drunkards where must either drink or quarrel. 3rd. Such as promise themselves the end but neglect the means, as parents that would have comfort in their children without pains in their education. 4th. All you that place any confidence in any thing of your own or others devising, which is not instituted by God ; as the silly Papists in holy water, signing with the cross; and others in lucky or unlucky days, spilling salt, holding children over the smith's anvils for rickets, meeting hares, with other devilish inventions (to give them the right names.) 2d. Other times presumption is taken formally for a disposition that may adhere to all other sins; murder, adultery, &c. are distinct sins, yet may agree in being presurap-
tuous sins, which he discoursed learnedly and largely upon in several particulars, &c. Lord, help me to profit by these extraordinary means of salvation ! Afternoon at Mill-hill about business, father's and my own, till four ; then writing heads of excellent sermon in Diary, before secret prayer, and read Diodati in family.
7. Morning pretty early writing of last sacrament : much melted in spirit, blessed be God! Concluded Diodati's on 2d Thessalonians, in family. Most of the day abroad about business, receiving a 100/. of brother W.'s, with workmen, &c. Evening at Mr. B. D.'s, with good Mr. Cor lass, lamenting the death of the pious and learned Mr. Hough, late Vicar of Halifax. Begun Annotations upon 1 Timothy, and cannot but observe that the Analysis to each book in this English Translation of Diodati in 4to. is done by a different author, if not of different sentiments : as inter alia appears, p. 319.
9- At Mr. B. D.'s, perusing some manuscript papers, relating to benefactions, corporation, &c. with some proceeds of the late untoward Alderman Martin Headly, containing his methods for the extirpation of Fanaticism, &c. out of this populous parish, with his Petition to the King to that end, and for Quo Warranto against Corporation ; which unhappy man, notwithstanding, at his death could find none he durst trust with his concerns but one of those, viz. ditto Mr. Bryan Dixon, whose name, together with my own and many others, were found under his own hand writing, inter Puritanos, devoted to destruction : and I can scarce forbear another passage wherein that cruel persecutor seems to be under divine infatuation : he would have made no will (being childless) but purposely to prevent Jo. Hornby, of London, succeeding him in all his labours, wherefore he bequested them to Martin Hornby, a little knave who picked several guineas out of the Lord Dumblane and Latimer's pockets when at his uncle Headley's house at Leeds, whereby he had so far incurred his displeasure that he had sent him a far voyage into some of the plantations, but now in as great trouble how to dispose, as formerly how to get, an estate, he makes him his heir, to prevent this Jos. of London ; who, notwithstanding all his endeavours (the said Martin being dead before the date of the will), now enjoys whatever remains of the wretched man's labours, whose name he has erased and set his own upon his house. Eccles. iv. 7, 8. Was after with workmen at Sheepscar. Evening abroad, somewhat surprised with the surrender of Mons to the French tyrant:—Lord, put a hook into his nostrils and draw him back ! Read Annotations.
10. Morning read; then heard the vicar, who preached very well and suitably to the preparation of the sacrament: but being after abroad collecting for worthy Mr. Sharp, was prevented of noting the heads till too much out of mind. Lord pity, &c. Evening read Annotations.
15. Morning read Diodati before family prayer, but prevented not only of writing but of secret prayer itself. Lord, pardon all sinful omissions! The whole day and part of evening with cousin Rodes and other relations and friends, but had a good event and accommodation of those differences betwixt the two brothers, that has involved them in Chancery suits and was too likely to have proceeded. Read Diodati in family.
17- Morning read Annotations, &c., then at Sheepscar with workfolk. Afternoon walked to Armly ; attended brother's shop there ; in the intervals of business had good Mr. Wilkinson (Mr. Cor-lass's nephew) the minister's company. Returned late enough, weary and wet, so read only Annotations.
18. Morning read Diodati, but wrote not. Part of forenoon at brother's shop, rest with Mr. S. Ibbet-son at Mr. H.'s about mill. Afternoon, writing some memoranda for Mr. Thomas Jackson upon his journey for St. Andrew's in Scotland, where he is to be educated under Mr. Monro, the Regent, for the Ministry.
22. Morning, read Annotations upon last of Titus before family prayer, and wrote. Forenoon visited by cousin Rodes and uncle Pool; then writing till about three, when sent for by ditto Esquire Rodes ; found more difficulty than was expected in the accommodation of differences, yet left it in a hopeful way, but stayed at Mill-hill with ditto company and others concerned, till late enough. Read only Annotations on some verses in Paul to Philemon.
24. Morning wrote, and read in family. Most of forenoon within, rest at Sheepscar. After had Mr. S. Ibbetson's company perusing Headley's papers, wherein we found our own names, and with many others devoted to ruin and confiscation. After walked with him to cousin F.'s of Hunslet, which took up evening, that read only Annotations, but wrote not.
25. Wrote pretty much, and read Diodati in family. All day perusing papers, &c. and in library. Evening wrote, and read Baxter's Dying Thoughts, &c. in family.
29. Morning wrote remaining heads of sermon : Lord write them upon my heart! Read Diodati before family prayer; then attended the Fast sermon, (revived by the King's special command.) Mr. Sharp prayed affectionately, and preached excellently from Jonah iii. 5. A mixture of mercy and judgment in preaching, works most powerfully on people's hearts. God's institutions are mostly composed of mercy and judgment; earthquakes and tempests to break rocks, remove mountains, every thing that opposes : and still small rain to melt, &c. What God has joined together let no man put asunder . . . Never approved the humour of those, though eminent in their times, who were constantly flashing fire and brimstone ; but a more dangerous
extreme prevails of late, of decrying duties as Old Testament dispensations . . . nothing but the open arms of Christ, &c. I afterwards repeated it in family.
May 4. Morning, wrote and read but little, being all day abroad about business, assisting father Sykes in affairs of the manor, and at Mr. Sharp's, paying the small pittance collected for him, infinitely short of his merits.
11. Morning, read in family. Forenoon at Sheeps-car, taking leave of cousins for London. Afternoon walked with the Vicar, Alderman Ibbetson, and Mr. S. Ibbetson, to Northall-wood, the pleasant seat of the late Mr. B.: in return had their company at my house.
23. Morning, read Diodati; forenoon, with father advising; then abroad at Bridge and Mill-hill; after, abroad also at M. Hutton's and Sheepscar; then waited for post till nine, but, blessed be God! had the acceptable news of the retaking of the ships designed from Hull to Holland, wherein these northern parts, (and especially this town,) were deeply concerned : read only Annotations.
26. Morning, read Diodati; walked to Sheepscar about an hour; rest of day in library, consulting authors about Archbishop Thoresby, in Edward the Third's time. Evening, concluded Annotations on Peter.
29. Morning, prevented of reading and writing before prayer; rid with Mr. S. Ib. to Thorp Arch,
to view the lately erected rape-mill; visited our quondam neighbour (W. A.'s daughter,) Mrs. Loft, where kindly received ; in return, stayed awhile at Clifford with L. S. but returned well, and in good time ; read only Diodati.
June 4. Forenoon reading Sheringham's de An-glorum Gentis Origine; after, with workmen ; then visiting poor cousin Tim. Idle. Lord sanctify every indisposition !
6. Morning, writing per post to St. Andrew's, in Scotland, and Dublin, in Ireland, to two of good old Mr. Boyse's posterity, so remote from each other and the place of their nativity.
12. Morning, read Wilkins and Diodati; after, walk to Sheepscar ; most of day writing and consulting old authors on the antiquities of Leeds; till six abroad, to inquire the issue of the commission betwixt cousin Rodes, complainant, and brother Wilson, defendant, which it was endeavoured to bring to a final determination of the business, but prevented by the obstinacy of Mr. W. R. about charges, that they must now to Chancery again. Evening, with Mr. B. D. ; after, had Mr. S. Ib. another of the Commissioners ; read only Diodati.
July 1. Morning, read Dr. Hall in family, walked to Sheepscar; after, walked to Armly, attended brother's concerns there ; in return, with Parson Wilkinson, took a particular view of the high mount, nigh the river, called Giant's-hill, which I cannot tell what to make of, except it has been a Danish fortification ; the smallness of its circuit is the most discouraging argument to the contrary, but yet the situation of the place, and the moat round, seem to intimate as much : read only Paraphrase in family.
8. Morning, began to drink the Spa-water at Quarry-hill.
16. Morning, read Hall and Wilkins before prayer ; forenoon in library, collecting notes and the antiquities of Leeds, till about three ; then at Sheepscar.
18. Morning, read Bishop Hall's Paraphrase, Exodus, 1 ; forenoon in study, about the antiquities of Leeds, till near three.
20. Morning, read Hall; from ten to four was happy in the pleasing society of the Rev. Mr. Sharp and Mr. Whitaker ; after, with workmen. Evening at Mayor's ; read only Hall.
21. Morning, read Wilkins and Hall; then walked to Sheepscar to workmen ; after, with Mr. S. Jbbetson, to view the new chapel at Mill-hill, and agree with several workmen, in order to a new erection for the like service in Call-lane. Evening, walked again to Sheepscar; read only Paraphrase.
22. Morning, read Hall, but omitted Wilkins; walk
ed to N. H.'s and Sheepscar ; after, walked with poor E. H. to Mr. B. D.'s ; then with Mr. S. Ib. at Sheepscar, and drawing for him a model of their designed chapel; read only Hall in family.
23. Morning, read Wilkins and Hall; then with workmen at designed chapel and mill till noon ; had relations at dinner. Evening, at pasture ; read only Hall.
24. Morning, read only Hall; with Mr. S. Ib. setting out the plot of ground for new chapel; then directing workmen at Sheepscar and home ; twenty men at one place or other ; read only Hall.
25. Morning, read Wilkins and Hall; then rode with my dear and .... relations to Dewsburgh ; was very inquisitive for the stone Carnden mentions, inscribed Paulinus hie predicavit et celebravit, but could not so much as hear of any that had seen it. Mr. Pierson, an ancient minister, a native here, whose father was the minister here for thirty years, told me that neither of them could find any thing of it; but I transcribed Bishop Tilson's epitaph; and some inscriptions upon several places at the noble and stately fabric of Howley Hall, founded by Sir Robert Savile, augmented by Sir John, and finished by Sir Thomas, Earl of Sussex, in three generations, though enjoyed but by one more, his son dying sans issue ; returned late enough, but, blessed be God! very well; read Bishop Hall.
Aug. 8. Morning, concluded Spa-course; forenoon, receiving rape seed ; after, at the funeral of honest Obadiah Woodroofe, a serious good Chris-' tian, (the fifth husband of the same woman,) then at mill, &c. Evening, too greedy of news, had time only to read Hall.
10. Morning, concluded Paraphrase on Exodus ; then at Mr. Sharp's, taking leave of Mr. John, for Mr. Frankland's academy.
18. Morning, read Hall and Wilkins ; then at mill, &c. ; afternoon, with Mr. B. D. advising with Mr. Sharp, about uncle f Wilson's legacy to chapel; then with the High Sheriff (the Hon. Henry Fairfax, Esq. my very kind friend,) father Sykes, &c. Evening, at mill, and after at Mr. S. Ib.'s, with good Mr. Hey wood ; read only Hall.
23. Die Dora. Read Hall's Paraphrase before family prayer, and Wilkins's Gift before secret. Mr. Sharp preached from Matthew x. 15; raised this doctrine, that those who will not receive Christ's ministers, nor hear their message, are judged by him
unworthy of that peace which the Gospel brings, improved in the words of Habakkuk i. 5; you that God gives so full a character of, Ezekiel xxxiii. 31, that come unto me as rny people cometh, sit before me as my people, and hear my words, &c. it was an aggravation of Julian's wickedness, he had been a Christian, and Judas's being an Apostle ; and, therefore, deeplier punished, according to the German proverb, that hell is paved with priests' skulls, gentlemen's breasts, bishops' mitres, kings' sceptres, popes' triple crowns, &c. It is now almost 140 years since the Reformation, and almost as long that we have been declining: we fail in hearing, obeying, maintaining, and adorning the Gospel; and those who have held closest in the land to the interest of the Gospel, are most despised. Consider these things, and you will sigh, as I do, and say there is reason to read the text thus; " It will be more tolerable for Sodom in the day of judgment than for this nation."—1. Dost not thou grow indifferent ? 2. Grudge the Gospel its maintenance ? 3. Will not an ill morning keep thee from church, that would not from the market ? 4. Hast thou not said, as those wretches, Mal. iii. 14, " It is vain to serve God, and what profit ?"
28. Morning, read ut prius. With Mrs. S. of Y. about brasses ; after, rid with Mr. S. I. to Mr. C.'s about business ; after, had a visit from Mr. A. of G. with recommendation from Rev. Mr. Frankland ; with commissioners of pious uses about ditto school concern till four; then walked with Mr. Ib. to Bank, and evening to Sheepscar.
29. Up early, writing to the Archdeacon of Carlisle about antiquities, per parson W. of A. by whom sent some coins and inscriptions; had ditto parson W.'s and Mr. A. of G.'s company till near noon.
September 2. Morning at worthy Mr. Sharp's, with whom, and Mr. Whitaker, and Mr. S. Ib. rode to Wakefield; heard the lecture sermon ; Mr. Hey-wood preached well, and suitably to the Convention from Zach. xiv. 9, " In that day there shall be one Lord, and his name one." Afterwards, that good man (itinerant preacher, or apostle of these parts) read each of the Heads of the Agreement of the United Ministers in and about London. Most were unanimously assented unto by the brethren of both persuasions ; others modestly discussed and explained; and, which I rejoiced to observe, without the least passionate expression, The truly Rev. Mr. Frank-land and Mr. Sharp in their arguments showed abundance of learning as well as piety, and were unanswered, even in what was not readily assented to by some juniors about synods and re-ordination; had the pleasing society of many excellent ministers from all parts of the West Riding. I afterwards performed a visit to our Recorder, Mr. Whyte ; was acceptably entertained with the sight of some rare pieces in Saxon and Gothic; took some notes as to Leeds, Sic. was much pleased with many of his learned observations upon several authors, which he courteously communicated; but stayed full late in a dark night, but our good God preserved us from dangers ; blessed be his name! Read only Hall in family.
4. Morning, up early ; receiving rape till noon; after, paying money on ditto account, and with workmen at Sheepscar, till about five; then at the sad funeral of Mrs. Whitaker,* who, having borne her first child a fortnight ago, died very suddenly last night. I was much affected, and heartily sympathized with the good man in this affliction, having had sad experience almost of the like dispensation.
14. Morning read Hall; rode with Mr. S. Ib. to Mr. C.'s ; had workmen ; afternoon rode to brother's shop at Armly; there, per Parson Wilkinson, received a letter, with remarks upon coins, the Idol Thor, &c. from the admirably learned Archdeacon Nicholson; after, had the Vicar and four other parsons ; evening, read ut prius.
26. Morning, as once before this week, had a memento of mortality, perhaps of sudden dissolution, in violent pain in the back parts of head;f forenoon writing; after, abroad, partly about business ; read little.
Oct. 5. Morning, read only Hall. All day with Lords of Manor, constituting the constables for the succeeding year, and other affairs of the manor, till towards evening ; sent for to cousin Milner's, where the Providence of God has made a breach this day, the good old man dying suddenly of a palsy fit.
6. Morning, read Hall; 'then at cousin Milner's advising as to funeral. After, writing heads of sermon, till visited by Parson Hammond of Led-sham. Then with Lords of Manor. Dined with our learned Recorder at uncle Idle's.
7. Morning, read Hall. After, at Court, to hear the learned Recorder's ingenious charge. Then at brother W.'s. Again dined at the Mayor's, but hasted away to the funeral of old cousin Milner. Mr. Sharp preached from 1 Cor. iii. 21, 22. Doctrine, that temporal death is a true Christian's patrimony. Had a visit from my good friend, the truly reverend and pious Mr. Corlass, and his virtuous consort.
8. Morning, read Hall; then preparing for a journey. Rode with my dear to Father Sykes's at Ledsham, and thence, with Mr. S. Ibbetson, etjilius, by Selby to Howden, where lodged.
9. Morning, viewing the town and ancient church, now in part ruinous, but has been adorned with very delicate stonework, the remains of several curious statues and stories yet testifying its ancient glory, vide Camden and Speed, as to the nominal shire, &c. but found no inscriptions, save two moderns for Mr. Arlush and Mr. Roots, eminently holy and serviceable ministers. Then we rode by Cave and Kirk-ella (which I could fancy so denominated from a Saxon king of the name) to Kingston upon Hull. Blessed be God for protection !
10. Forenoon, with several friends and acquaintance. After, with Captain Idle, viewing the garrison side, the new fortifications, and storehouses. Then performed a visit to cousin Hilliard (Sir Robert's mother,) and others. Evening, ditto company.
11. Die Dom. Morning, (as indeed all along) Mr. S. Ibbetson prayed very well; then heard Mr. Astley from 2 Tim. ii. 19. Doctrine, that such are built upon a sure foundation that profess the Lord Jesus, and depart from iniquity. Afternoon, we heard Mr. Charles at the other place, (where they were reading the strict orders made by their magistrates, as at York, Beverley, &c. for the better observation of the Lord's day); he preached well from 2 Peter, iii. 14. " Be diligent that you may be found
of him in peace." E\rening, not so strictly employed, being engaged in a visit at Mr. Thornton's.
12. Morning, took leave of Mr. S. Ibbetson's son ; the Lord send him a prosperous voyage ! &c. Afterwards, rode per Beverley, (where transcribed monument) to Weeton upon the Wolds (Deirwald), where lodged.
13. Morning, rode thence to York, where at the Minster, enquiring for the Lady's Chapel (now ruinated) where Archbishop Thoresby was interred : was acquainted by Dr. James, Master of Queen's College, Cambridge, that in Sir Thomas Hardress's family in Kent, they still gratefully retain the name in memory of this family, and there is yet living Mr. Thoresby Hardress, (vide monument in Hackney). After, rode with ditto to Tadcaster, and thence to Ledsham.
20. Morning, read Hall on Ruth; then abroad about business, om gelt te ontfangen, &c. Afternoon, at the funeral of Dr. Neal, an aged, eminent, and very able physician of this town. After, at the mill, seeing them now first make oil there; then with father Sykes and Mr. S. Ib. Read only Hall.
28. At mill, fretting at reiterated disappointments. There most of day.
Nov. 2. Morning, read Hall; then hasted to Sheepscar. Afternoon, had a kind visit from Mr. Sharp ; then, at the request of the Mayor, Vicar, &c. consulting about setting up a linen manufactory to employ the poor, &c.
18. Morning, ut prius. Forenoon, taking leave of relations for Ledsham. Afternoon, received a kind visit from the High Sheriff, my honoured friend ——— Fairfax, Esq. with whom perusing manuscripts about his ancient and honourable family till four. Then at Mr. Sharp's.
21. Morning, read Hall. Writing to Bryan Fairfax, Esq. (Secretary to the Archbishop of Canterbury,) advising with Mr. B. D. about disposal of Bibles. Afternoon, at Sheepscar.
22. Die Dom. Morning, read Hall Mr. Sharp preached excellently from former text and doctrine, that Jesus Christ and the Spirit of Grace are the gift of God. Afternoon, Mr. Whitaker (whose congregation has now a second day been with us, till their new meeting-place be fit for their reception,) preached very well from Matthew xi. 28.
Dec. 9- Morning, read, &c. Then distributing the eighty Bibles, and as many Catechisms, to the probationers for the ensuing year, with eight of Lye's Catechisms, and eight Alien's Sure Guide to Heaven, to the eight best proficients of the former year, with 12rf. for each parent; the noble and pious charity of Philip Lord Wharton. Mr. Sharp preached from John v. 39 ; doctrine, that those Scriptures wherein we think to have eternal life, and which testify of Christ, are to be diligently searched by us all. Afternoon, at Mill-hill, enjoyed ministers' and relations' company.
11. Evening, at the Free School, with much good company, to hear the boys act a Latin vendu of books.
15. Morning, read two last chapters of 1 Chron. Rest of day abroad, om gelt te ontfangen ende beta-eten. Sending money from ditto religious lord to the Rev. Mr. Prime, of Sheffield, Mr. Heywood, of Halifax, Mr. Waterhouse, of Bradford.* Paid also Mr. Sharp his, with whom, and Mr. B. D. at chapel, upon the advising as to repairs, &c. Evening, read but little.
16. Morning, read, &c.; then abroad, om gelt, ut prius, about Father S.'s concerns. After, transcribing dates of the deaths of eminent persons from Wood's Athense Oxonienses. Then at Sheepscar. Evening, reading from ditto partial author.
23. Morning, read, &c.; then at mill. Afterwards, about domestic affairs till noon : enjoyed the good company of Vicar, Mr. Whitaker, with many friends and relations at dinner, and till evening, when with some of them at H.'s till late.
25. Morning, read ..... The Vicar preached excellently from John i. 14, " And the word was made flesh;" whence he very learnedly refuted the Socinian errors.
27. Die Dom. Morning; ut prius. Then attended in public ; Mr. Robinson, at the New Church, preached the Commemoration sermon, from that of the Evangelist, " He loved our nation and built us a synagogue;" wherein he earnestly recommended charity, to show our faith by our works ; and especially to make our own hands our executors, and our eyes our supervisors. Afternoon, at Mill-hill; Mr.Wright preached very well from Rom. viii. 9, doctrine, that none but such as have the Spirit of Christ, are members of Christ. Evening, repeated in family, and read in Mr. Heywood's Heart's Treasure.
31. Morning, read ; then at mill; but most of the day transcribing manuscript of ejected ministers, &c. Evening, &c.; but, alas! too little of my time spent about the unum necessarium, though another year of my short pilgrimage irrecoverably past.